Advertisement

Current Psychology

, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 123–133 | Cite as

Students under academic stress in a Turkish University: Variables associated with symptoms of depression and anxiety

  • C. Ekin Eremsoy
  • Şeniz Çelimli
  • Tülin GençözEmail author
Article

Abstract

The present study intended to find out the associated variables of depression and anxiety symptoms for young adults confronted with an academic stress. Ninety-two graduate students, who were actively involved in preparing their thesis, participated in this study. Two regression analyses were conducted to see different variables associated with depression and anxiety symptoms separately. Consistent with the expectations, depression and anxiety had overlapping predictors, such as negative automatic thoughts and hopelessness. However, adequacy of problem-solving abilities seemed to be associated with anxiety symptoms. Findings were discussed in the light of relevant literature.

Keywords

Anxiety Symptom Depression Symptom Stressful Life Event Current Psychology Counseling Psychology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alford, B.A., Lester, J.M., Patel, R.J., Buchanan, J.P., & Giunta, L.C. (1995). Hopelessness predicts future depression symptoms: A prospective analysis of cognitive vulnerability and cognitive content specificity. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 57(3), 331–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aydm, G., & Ayam, O. (1988). Otomatik Düşünceler Ölçeginin geçerlik ve güvenirligi [The reliability and validity of the Automatic Thought Questionnaire]. Psikoloji Dergisi, 7, 51–55.Google Scholar
  3. Beck, A.T., Rush, A.J., Shaw, B.F., & Emery, G. (1979). Cognitive therapy of depression. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  4. Beck, A.T., Weissman, A., Lester, D., & Trexler, L. (1974). The measurement of pessimism: The hopelessness scale. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 42, 861–865.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Billings, A.G., & Moos, R.H. (1982). Psychosocial theory and research on depression: An integrative framework and review. Clinical Psychology Review, 2, 213–237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brown, G. W., & Harris, T.O. (1989). Depression. In G. W. Harris, & T. O. Harris (Eds.), Life events and illness (pp. 43–93). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  7. Burns, D.D., & Eidelson, R.J. (1998). Why are depression and anxiety correlated? A test of the tripartite model. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66 (3), 461–473.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ciarrochi, J., Scott, G., Deane, F.P., & Heaven, P.C.L. (2003). Relations between social and emotional competence and mental health: a construct validation study. Personality and Individual Differences, 35, 1947–1963.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Clark, D.A., Steer, R.A., & Beck, A.T. (1994). Common and specific dimensions of self-reported anxiety and depression: Implications for the cognitive and tripartite models. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 103 (4), 645–654.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dixon, W.A., Heppner, P.P., & Anderson, W.P. (1991). Problem-solving appraisal, stress, hopelessness, and suicide ideation in a college population. Journal of Counseling Psychology,38 (1), 51–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dixon, W.A., Heppner, P.P., Burnett, J.W., Anderson, W.P., & Wood, P.K. (1993). Distinguishing among antecedents, concomitants, and consequences of problem-solving appraisal and depression symptoms. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 40 (3), 357–364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Durak, A. (1993). Beck Umutsuzluk Öçegi’nin geçerligi üzerine birçalişma [A study on the validity of the Beck Hopelessness Scale]. Unpublished master’s thesis, Ankara University, Ankara.Google Scholar
  13. Durak, A. (1994). Beck Umutsuzluk Ölçegi’nin geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalişması. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi 9 (31), 1–11.Google Scholar
  14. D’Zurilla, T.J., Chang, B.C., Nottingham, E.J., & Faccini, L. (1998). Social problem-solving deficits and hopelessness, depression, and suicidal risk in college students and psychiatric inpatients. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 54 (8), 1091–1107.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Farmer, R.F. (1998). Depression symptoms as a function of trait anxiety and impulsivity. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 54 (2), 129–135.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Göregenli, M. (1997). Individualist-collectivist tendencies in a Turkish sample. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 28 (6), 787–794.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gottlib, I. (1984). Depression and general psychopathology in university students. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 93, 19–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Heppner, P.P., & Anderson, W.P. (1985). The relationship between problem solving self-appraisal and psychological adjustment. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 9, 415–427.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Heppner, P.P., & Petersen, C.H. (1982). The development and implications of a personal problem-solving inventory. Journal of Counselling Psychology, 29, 66–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Heppner, P.P., Reeder, B.L., & Larson, L.M. (1983). Cognitive variables associated with personal problem-solving appraisal: Implications for counseling. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 30, 537–545.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hisli, N. (1988). Beck Depresyon Envanterinin geçerligi üzerine bir çalişma [A study on the validity of Beck Depression Inventory]. Psikoloji Dergisi, 6, 118–122.Google Scholar
  22. Hisli, N. (1989). Beck Depresyon Envanterinin universite ögrencileri için geçerligi ve güvenirligi [Reliability and validity of Beck Depression Inventory for university students]. Psikoloji Dergisi, 7, 3–13.Google Scholar
  23. Hollon, S.D., & Kendall, P.C. (1980). Cognitive self-statements in depression: Development of an Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 4, 383–395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kagitçibaşi, Ç. (1987). Individual and group loyalties: Are they compatible? In Ç. Kagitçibaşi, (Ed.), Growth and progress in cross-cultural psychology (pp. 94–104). Lisse, Netherland: Swets and Zeitlinger.Google Scholar
  25. Korobkin, S., Herron, W., & Ramirez, S. (1998). Severity of symptoms of depression and anxiety as predictors of duration of psychotherapy. Psychological Reports, 82, 427–433.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Nezu, A.M. (1985). Differences in psychological distress between effective and ineffective problem solvers. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 32 (1), 135–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Nezu, A.M. (1986). Cognitive appraisal of problem solving effectiveness: Relation to depression and depression symptoms. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 42 (1), 42–48.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Nezu, A.M., & Ronan, G.F. (1985). Life stress, current problems, problem solving, and depression symptoms: An integrative model. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 53 (5), 693–697.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Nezu, A.M., & Ronan, G.F. (1988). Social problem solving as a moderator of stress-related depression symptoms: A prospective analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 35 (2), 134–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Öner, N. (1977). Durumluluk-Süirekli Kaygı Envanteri’nin Türk Toplumunda Geçerligi [The validity of State-Trait Anxiety Inventory in Turkish sample]. Unpublished dissertation, Hacettepe University, Ankara.Google Scholar
  31. Özbilgin, M. & Healy, G. (in press). The gendered nature of career development of university professors: The case of Turkey. Journal of Vocational Behavior.Google Scholar
  32. :Ozgüiç, N. (1998). Tüirkiye Üniversitelerinde Kadın Cografyacilar. In N. Arat (Ed.), Aydınlanmanın Kadınları (pp. 177–201). Istanbul: Cumhuriyet Kitap Kulübü.Google Scholar
  33. Peker, M. (1996). Internal migration and the marginal sector. In E. Kahveci, N. Sugur, & T. Nichols (Eds.), Work and occupation in modern Turkey (pp. 7–37). London: Mansell.Google Scholar
  34. Sahin, N. H., & Sahin, N. (1992). Reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 48 (3), 335–340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Sahin, N., Sahin, N.H., & Heppner, P.P. (1993). Psychometric properties of the problem solving inventory in a group of Turkish university students. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 17 (4), 379–396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Schotte, D.E., & Clum, G.A. (1982). Suicide ideation in a college population: A test of a model. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 50, 690–696.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Schotte, D.E., & Clum, G.A. (1987). Problem-solving skills in suicidal psychiatric patients. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 55 (1), 49–54.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Seber, G. (1991). Beck Umutsuzluk Ölçegi ’nin geçerlik ve güivenirligi üizerine bir çaliµa [A study on the validity and reliability of the Beck Hopelessness Scale]. Unpublished dissertation, Ankara University, Ankara.Google Scholar
  39. Seber, G., Dilbaz, N., Kaptanoglu, C., & Tekin, D. (1993). Ümitsizlik Ölçegi: Geçerlik güvenirlik. Kriz Dergisi, 1 (3), 134–138.Google Scholar
  40. Spielberger, C., Gorsuch, R., & Lushene, R. (1970). Manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Self-Evaluation Questionnaire. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.Google Scholar
  41. Swendsen, J.D. (1997). Anxiety, depression, and their comorbidity: An experience sampling test of the helplessness-hopelessness theory. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 21 (1), 97–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Tegin, B. (1980). Depresyonda bilişsel bozukluklar: Beck modeline göre bir inceleme [Cognitive impairments in depression: An analysis according to Beck’s model]. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Hacettepe University, Ankara.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Ekin Eremsoy
    • 1
  • Şeniz Çelimli
    • 1
  • Tülin Gençöz
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Middle East Technical UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations