Current Psychology

, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp 333–338 | Cite as

Differential incidence of procrastination between blue and white-collar workers

  • Corey A. Hammer
  • Joseph R. Ferrari


The present study compared chronic procrastination tendencies claimed by “whitecollar” working adults (n = 141) with rates reported by Harriott and Ferrari ( 1996) of “blue-collar” working adults (n - 211). Participants completed reliable and valid measures of everyday procrastination tendencies (decisional, arousal, and avoidant), and socio-demographic items at one of several public forums. Results showed no significant difference between classes of working adults on age, gender, marital status, or the number of children, although “white-collar” workers claimed higher levels of education than “blue-collar” workers. “White-collar” workers also reported significantly higher scores on all three forms of chronic procrastination than “blue-collar” workers. It seems that professional employees report procrastination more frequently than unskilled workers. Further research is needed to explore the causes and consequences associated with differences in chronic procrastination by occupational group.


Current Psychology Unskilled Worker Procrastination Rate General Procrastination Academic Procrastination 
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Copyright information

© Springer 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Corey A. Hammer
    • 1
  • Joseph R. Ferrari
    • 1
  1. 1.DePaul UniversityUSA

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