East Asia

, Volume 18, Issue 3, pp 36–48 | Cite as

The Nanjing Massacre: The socio-psychological effects

  • Zhang Lianhong
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    In the interviews by the author, the survivors explained that, to this day, they could not understand why they were so cowardly.Google Scholar
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    In the interviews, many of the survivors mentioned the sound of the Japanese soldiers' boots, especially the women who trembled as soon as they heard the sound of the boots.Google Scholar
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    Recently on 15 November 1999 there was the case of a Japanese tourist who forced a Chinese female manager to kneel on the floor. Public indignation was aroused throughout Hubei province. Within one day the local paper received more than 300 phone calls. Throughout the nation more than fifty newspapers reported the story in great detail. See Xinhua ribao (New China Daily News), 19 November 1999.Google Scholar

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© Transaction Publishers 2001

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  • Zhang Lianhong

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