Pliny the Elder, Paolo Armileo and the Antiquarian Reception of the Portus Augusti Ravennatis
At the dawn of the Early Modern period, when interest in Roman structures at Ravenna grew and proliferated, the post-Classical remains of the Portus Augusti Ravennatis were studied, depicted and recorded.1 Archival materials, both visual and textual, dating from the 1500s onwards, testify to the antiquarian attention paid to the remains of the Roman harbour at Ravenna. The main works concentrated on the harbour remains, demonstrating attempts to explore the site, to record the surviving (or lost) evidence and to associate the site of Classe with the Augustan harbour.2 At Ravenna, research on the ancient harbour has often been based on the Classical sources, for example, Strabo and Pliny the Elder,3 whose works affected the antiquarian views as they provided information on the geography and structures of the site.4The visual and textual works of the antiquarians were often commissioned by local landowners and ecclesiastical congregations, and they were intended to record...
My sincere thanks to Sebastian Matzner and Daniel Orrells for the useful feedback and suggestions, as well as to the anonymous reviewers for their comments. I would like to thank the Biblioteca Classense at Ravenna, for providing me with access to the archival material, and the Moore Institute at NUI Galway, for hosting me in the final revision stage of this paper.