Acta Analytica

, Volume 18, Issue 1–2, pp 193–216 | Cite as

Relational properties, causal powers and psychological laws

  • Sean Crawford
Philosophy Of Mind

Abstract

This paper argues that Twin Earth twins belong to the same psychological natural kind, but that the reason for this is not that the causal powers of mental states supervene on local neural structure. Fodor’s argument for this latter thesis is criticized and found to rest on a confusion between it and the claim that Putnamian and Burgean type relational psychological properties do not affect the causal powers of the mental states that have them. While it is true that Putnamian and Burgean type relational psychological properties do not affect causal powers, it is false that no relational psychological properties do. Examples of relational psychological properties that do affect causal powers are given and psychological laws are sketched that subsume twins in virtue of them instantiating these relational properties rather than them sharing the narrow contents of their thoughts.

Keywords

relational properties causal powers psychological laws Twin Earth narrow content Fodor Burge 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Baker, Lynn Rudder. 1995. Explaining Attitudes. A Practical Approach to the Mind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Burge, Tyler. 1982. Other Bodies. In Woodfield.Google Scholar
  3. -- 1986. Individualism and Psychology. Philosophical Review 95.Google Scholar
  4. -- 1989. Individuation and Causation in Psychology. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 70.Google Scholar
  5. -- 1995. Intentional Properties and Causation. In Macdonald and Macdonald.Google Scholar
  6. Crane, Tim. 1991. All the Difference in the World. Philosophical Quarterly 41.Google Scholar
  7. Davidson, Donald. 1980. Essays on Actions and Events. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  8. —— 1987. Problems in the Explanation of Action. In P. Pettit, R. Sylvan, and J. Norman, eds., Metaphysics and Morality: Essays in Honour of J.J.C. Smart. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
  9. —— 1993. Thinking Causes. In John Heil and Alfred Mele, eds. Mental Causation. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  10. Davies, Marin. 1986. Externality, Psychological Explanation, and Narrow Content. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volume 60.Google Scholar
  11. -- 1991. Individualism and Perceptual Content. Mind 100.Google Scholar
  12. -- 1992. Perceptual Content and Local Supervenience. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 92.Google Scholar
  13. —— 1998. Externalism, Architecuralism, and Epistemic Warrant. In Crispin Wright, Barry C. Smith, and Cynthia Macdonald, eds., Knowing Our Own Minds. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  14. Dennett, Daniel. 1982. Beyond Belief. In Woodfield.Google Scholar
  15. Earman, John and John Roberts. 1999. Ceteris Paribus, There is not Problem of Provisos. Synthese 118.Google Scholar
  16. Evans, Gareth. 1980. Commentary on Fodor (1980). The Behavioural and Brain Sciences 3.Google Scholar
  17. Fodor, Jerry. 1974. Special Sciences. Synthese 28.Google Scholar
  18. -- 1980. Methodological Solipsism Considered as a Research Strategy in Cognitive Psychology. The Behavioural and Brain Sciences 3.Google Scholar
  19. —— 1987. Psychosemantics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  20. -- 1989. Making Mind Matter More. Philosophical Topics 17. Reprinted in Fodor (1990).Google Scholar
  21. —— 1990. A Theory of Content and Other Essays. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  22. -- 1991. A Modal Argument for Narrow Content. Journal of Philosophy 88. Reprinted in Macdonald and Macdonald.Google Scholar
  23. —— 1994 The Elm and the Expert. MIT Press: Cambridge, Mass.Google Scholar
  24. Hempel, Carl G. 1988. Provisoes: A Problem Concerning the Inferential Function of Scientific Theories. Erkenntnis 28.Google Scholar
  25. Kaplan, David. 1989. ‘Demonstratives’. In Joseph Almog, John Perry, and Howard Wettstein, eds. Themes from Kaplan. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Lewis, David. 1981. What Puzzling Pierre does not Believe. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 59.Google Scholar
  27. Loar, Brian. 1988. Social Content and Psychological Content. In R. Grimm and D. Merrill, eds., Contents of Thought. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. Reprinted in Rosenthal.Google Scholar
  28. Macdonald, Cynthia and Graham Macdonald, eds. 1995. Philosophy of Psychology. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
  29. Morton, Adam. 1975. Because He Thought He Had Insulted Him. Journal of Philosophy 62.Google Scholar
  30. Peacocke, Christopher. 1981. Demonstrative Thought and Psychological Explanation. Synthese 49.Google Scholar
  31. -- 1993. Externalist Explanation. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 93.Google Scholar
  32. Pietrosky, Paul and Georges Rey. 1995. When Other Things Aren’t Equal: Saving Ceteris Paribus Laws from Vacuity. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46.Google Scholar
  33. Putnam, Hilary. 1975. The Meaning of ‘Meaning’. In K. Gunderson, ed., Language, Mind and Knowledge. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Reprinted in Hilary Putnam, Mind, Language, and Reality. Philosophical Papers, Volume 2. Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press, 1975.Google Scholar
  34. Recanati, François. 1993. Direct Reference. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
  35. Stalnaker, Robert. 1989. On What’s in the Head. In James E. Tomberlin, ed., Philosophical Perspectives 3: Philosophy of Mind and Action Theory. Atascadero, CA: Ridgeview Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  36. —— 1990. Narrow Content. In Anderson, C. Anthony and Joseph Owens, eds. 1990. Propositional Attitudes. The Role of Content in Logic, Language, and Mind. Stanford: Center for the Study of Language and Information.Google Scholar
  37. Stich, Stephen. 1978. Autonomous Psychology and the Belief-Desire Thesis. The Monist 61.Google Scholar
  38. Tomkow, Terrance. 1992. Against Representation. Unpublished ms. Dalhousie University.Google Scholar
  39. Woodfield, Andrew, ed. 1982. Thought and Object. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sean Crawford
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyThe Open UniversityMilton KeynesUK

Personalised recommendations