Determinants of Life Satisfaction: Role of Living Arrangements, Social Status, and Perceived Satisfaction in Women

  • Filza Waseem
  • Tahira JibeenEmail author
  • Waseem Zafar Iqbal


Living arrangements, social status, and perceived freedom may have a powerful effect on women’s satisfaction with life. Perceptions of satisfaction were studied by testing these independent variables: living arrangements (living with in-laws vs. separately) and social status (being married to army officer vs. civilian), with the dependent variables of perceived freedom and satisfaction with life. The sample comprised 104 women (age = 32.36, SD = 6.59) married to civilians (51%) and army officers (48%) in Lahore, Pakistan. Women married to army officers and not sharing with in-laws were more likely to indicate a higher level of freedom and satisfaction compared to women married to civilians and living with in-laws. Further, a mediational analysis revealed that the effect of living arrangements on satisfaction was mediated by womens’ reported freedom.


Living arrangements Social status Freedom Satisfaction Socio-cultural norms Changed family roles 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Filza Waseem
    • 1
  • Tahira Jibeen
    • 2
    Email author
  • Waseem Zafar Iqbal
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of EnglishGarrison UniversityLahorePakistan
  2. 2.Department of Psychology, School of Social SciencesUniversity of Management and TechnologyLahorePakistan
  3. 3.Al-Mustafa TrustLahorePakistan

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