The Costs of Secondary Migration: Perspectives from Local Voluntary Agencies in the USA

  • Jeffrey BloemEmail author
  • Scott Loveridge


In recent years, as the need for global refugee assistance has increased, so have fears and concerns of the costs of refugee resettlement in Western nations. Now, seemingly more than ever, international security and regional development depend largely on the composition and distribution of the world population. In many Western nations, dispersal policies are specifically designed to manage the distribution of recently arrived refugees. Secondary migration presents a challenge to the goals of dispersal policies and raises questions regarding regional development, population pressures, job security, welfare dependency, and the future of global refugee assistance. We survey administrators and caseworkers in a series of qualitative interviews about their experiences with secondary migration. We conclude that the US refugee resettlement system is ill-equipped in handling the complications of secondary migration. These results lead us to reimagine a better strategy for achieving the goals of refugee resettlement.


Migration Refugees Resettlement Regional development 



The authors thank the United States Department of Agriculture for support of this work.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied EconomicsUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource EconomicsMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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