Antecedents of Trust among Citizens and Non-citizens in Qatar
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Utilizing new survey data on social capital, we examine the determinants and locus of generalized trust among citizens and immigrants in Qatar, a small, heterogeneous, wealthy, and non-democratic country in which immigrants far outnumber citizens. Scholars of social capital have explored the development of generalized trust in many countries. Most of this attention has focused on the Western world, and little is known about how trust forms in other contexts. Our findings show that important insights resulting from research in developed democracies apply and have explanatory power in some of the very different environments present in Qatar, that these insights do not apply and have explanatory power in some of the other environments present in Qatar, that circumstances and experiences that characterize this array of environments can be identified and described in terms of variable attributes, and that linkages can be established between these attributes and particular antecedents of generalized trust.
KeywordsGeneralized trust Social capital Middle East and North Africa Ethnic minorities
The Social Capital Survey was funded by the Qatar National Research Foundation (QNRF) through its National Priority Research Program (NPRP). Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Qatar National Research Fund. QNRF has not approved or endorsed its content.
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