The Importance of Resources and Security in the Socio-Economic Integration of Refugees. A Study on the Impact of Length of Stay in Asylum Accommodation and Residence Status on Socio-Economic Integration for the Four Largest Refugee Groups in the Netherlands

  • Linda BakkerEmail author
  • Jaco Dagevos
  • Godfried Engbersen


In many European countries, including the Netherlands, refugees stay in asylum accommodation pending a decision on their asylum request. While it seems evident that the lack of resources and insecurity about the future experienced during this stay will impact refugees’ subsequent ability to integrate with the host society, so far this has hardly been studied in an extensive way. Also, the type of residence status granted can be a source of insecurity that impacts their integration. Previous studies on refugee integration have already shown the impact of pre-migration stressors such as traumatic experiences on mental health and integration. In this study, we use a large-scale dataset containing detailed information on about 4,000 refugees to show that also post-migration stressors affect mental health and hinder the socio-economic integration of the four largest refugee groups in the Netherlands: Afghan, Iraqi, Iranian and Somali.


Refugee Integration Asylum accommodation Residence status Mental health 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Linda Bakker
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jaco Dagevos
    • 2
  • Godfried Engbersen
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Social Sciences, SociologyErasmus University RotterdamRotterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.The Netherlands Institute for Social ResearchThe HagueThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Sociology Department at the Erasmus University RotterdamRotterdamThe Netherlands

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