Immigrant Religiosity in Canada: Multiple Trajectories

Article

Abstract

Although much research focuses on the economic and linguistic adaptation of immigrants to their new societies, it is rare to find research that studies the religious adaptation of immigrants at a national level. Using longitudinal data among immigrants to Canada in 2001, hypothesized trajectories of immigrant religiosity during initial settlement controlling for a number of individual and contextual level factors are explored. Religious group membership increases a few years after migration and then falls back to earlier levels within 4 years after migration. However, religious participation declines throughout the adaptation process, while the likelihood of religious volunteerism dramatically increases. The paper concludes with a brief discussion of potential explanations for these seemingly contradictory trajectories.

Keywords

Immigration Religion Longitudinal survey of immigrants to Canada Immigrant religion 

Résumé

Bien que les recherches sur l’adaptation économique et linguistique des immigrants à leur nouvelle société soient nombreuses, le thème de l’adaptation religieuse des immigrants au contexte national reste négligé. Puisant dans des données de l’Enquête longitudinale auprès des immigrants du Canada de 2001, ce travail s’intéresse aux trajectoires religieuses des immigrants au cours de la période d’installation, en contrôlant les facteurs individuels et contextuels. L’appartenance à un groupe religieux augmente dans les années suivant la migration avant de redescendre quatre ans plus tard au niveau initial. La participation religieuse décline tout au long du processus d’adaptation, alors que le volontariat religieux augmente fortement. L’article termine par une brève discussion des facteurs qui pourraient expliquer ces trajectoires à première vue contradictoires.

Mots clés

immigration religion enquête longitudinale auprès des immigrants du Canada religion des immigrants 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyPrinceton UniversityPrincetonUSA

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