The short-term, medium-term, and long-term economic performance of immigrant women in Canada and the United States

  • Lori Wilkinson
  • Tracey Peter
  • Renuka Chaturvedi


This paper identifies and compares the factors that influence the short-term, medium-term, and long-term employment income of immigrant women in Canada and the United States. It is widely documented that immigrant women in both countries face barriers to employment, high status occupational attainment, and reasonable economic returns to their education, but studies typically fail to consider the various stages of integration. By examining the short-term (less than three years), medium-term (3 to 10 years), and long-term (more than ten years) stages of economic integration, we can identify factors that influence their employment income at varying stages of settlement. Results from the analysis of the Censuses of the United States and Canada reveal that the short-term stages of integration markedly affect the employment income of immigrant women in the medium- and long-term in both countries.

Key words

Immigrant women Canada United States Labour force experience 


Cet article identifie et compare les facteurs qui influencent le revenu d’emploi à court terme, à moyen terme et à long terme, d’immigrantes au Canada et aux États-Unis. Alors que beaucoup d’études ont constaté que les immigrantes dans les deux pays affrontent des obstacles quant à l’emploi, à l’accomplissement professionnel de niveau élevé et au rendement économique raisonnable par rapport à leur éducation, elles négligent typiquement de considérer les diverses étapes d’intégration. En portant notre attention sur les étapes d’intégration économique à court terme (moins de trois ans), moyen terme (3 à 10 ans) et long terme (plus de dix ans), nous pouvons identifier les facteurs qui influencent leur revenu d’emploi à diverses étapes de leur établissement. Les rśultats découlant de l’analyse des recensements des États-Unis et du Canada indiquent que les étapes d’intégration à court terme influencent de façon nette le revenu d’emploi des immigrantes à moyen et à long terme dans les deux pays.


Femmes immigrantes États-Unis Expérience du marché du travail 


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Copyright information

© Springer SBM 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lori Wilkinson
    • 1
  • Tracey Peter
    • 1
  • Renuka Chaturvedi
    • 2
  1. 1.University of ManitobaCanada
  2. 2.Carleton UniversityCarletonCanada

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