The economic causes and consequences of Canadian citizenship

  • Don J. DeVoretz
  • Sergiy Pivnenko


Immigrants ascend to citizenship at differential rates in Canada. This paper investigates the economic costs and benefits derived from citizenship to rationalize the differential rates of immigrant citizenship ascension. Canadian earnings evidence confirms the sizeable economic benefits of citizenship and a decomposition analysis attributes this benefit to self-selection, namely the more productive immigrants become Canadian citizens.

Key words

Economics Citizenship Canada Immigration 


Au Canada, les immigrants obtiennent leur citoyenneté dans des délais variables. Nous examinons les coûts et les avantages économiques associés à la citoyenneté canadienne pouvant justifier ces délais. Une analyse des revenues à l’échelle du pays confirme l’importance des avantages économiques associés à la citoyenneté et une analyse de décomposition permet d’établir un lien entre ces avantages et l’auto sélection: ce sont les immigrants les plus productifs qui deviennent citoyens canadiens.


Science économique Citoyenneté 


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Copyright information

© Springer SBM 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Don J. DeVoretz
    • 1
  • Sergiy Pivnenko
    • 1
  1. 1.Simon Fraser UniversityCanada

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