Metaphysica

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 109–122 | Cite as

Identifying Criteria of Identity

Original Paper

Abstract

I discuss E. J. Lowe’s conception of criteria of identity and sketch a different and, I think, more adequate conception. On my view, criteria of identity are some of the things we can do. They are what we do when distinguishing between single entities of the kind in question and pairs of entities of the relevant domain. And they enable us to make such distinctions because they are applicable to all single and to all pairs of entities of the relevant domain but fulfilled only by all single entities of the kind in question. This feature of criteria of identity allows us to define these criteria, to explain how to identify a particular criterion of identity and to determine the logical form in which to express such identifications.

References

  1. Davidson, D., (1969) “The Individuation of Events”, in: Rescher, N. (ed.), Essays in Honor of Carl G. Hempel, pp. 216–234. Dordrecht: Reidel. Repr. in: Davidson, D., Essays on Actions and Events, pp. 163–180. Oxford: Clarendon, 2001.Google Scholar
  2. Geach, P. T., (1962) Reference and Generality. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Geach, P. T., (1972) Logic Matters. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  4. Hawthorne, J., (2003) “Identity”, in: Loux, M./ Zimmerman, D. (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Metaphysics, pp. 99–130. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Kellenberg, A., (2007) Metaphysische Untersuchungen—Erster Teil. Frankfurt: Ontos.Google Scholar
  6. Lowe, E. J., (1989a) “What is a Criterion of Identity?”, The Philosophical Quarterly 39, pp. 1–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Lowe, E. J., (1989b) Kinds of Being, A Study of Individuation, Identity and the Logic of Sortal Terms. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  8. Lowe, E. J., (1989c) “Impredicative Identity Criteria and Davidson’s Criterion of Event Identity”, Analysis 49, pp. 178–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Lowe, E. J., (1991) “One-level versus two-level Identity-Criteria”, Analysis 51, pp. 192–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lowe, E. J., (1999) “Objects and Criteria of Identity”, in: Hale, B./ Wright, C. (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Language, pp. 613–633. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  11. Lowe, E. J., (2003) “Individuation”, in: Loux, M./ Zimmerman, D. (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Metaphysics, pp. 75–95. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Lowe, E. J., (2007) “Sortals and the Individuation of Objects”, Mind & Language 22, pp. 514–533.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Noonan, H., (1997) “Relative Identity”, in Hale, B./ Wright, C. (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Language, pp. 634–652. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  14. Wiggins, D., (2001) Sameness and Substance Renewed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Williamson, T., (1990) Identity and Discrimination. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  16. Williamson, T., (1991) “Fregean Directions”, Analysis 51, pp. 194–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.BerneSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations