Knowledge, Technology & Policy

, Volume 18, Issue 3, pp 56–73 | Cite as

Inter-organizational collaboration, knowledge intensity, and the sources of innovation in the bioscience-technology industries

  • Kelvin Willoughby
  • Peter Galvin


What makes some firms more innovative than others and what determines the source of these innovations are questions that are still not adequately answered due to the complex, often esoteric, nature of the innovation process. This paper considers the effect of one externally oriented strategy (extent of formal inter-organizational linkages) and one internally oriented strategy (degree of knowledge intensity) on overall levels of innovativeness and the source of these innovations. Using data collected from firms operating in the bioscience-technology industries in both New York and Utah, our results suggest that both of these strategies have a significant effect upon innovation levels and the source of innovation (internally versus externally stimulated). Interestingly, there were few firms that undertook both of these strategies simultaneously and thus the proposed interaction effect where increased absorptive capacity (on the basis of knowledge intensity) would make external linkages even more valuable could not be discerned.


Absorptive Capacity Strategic Alliance Strategic Management Journal Trade Secret External Linkage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Transaction Publishers 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kelvin Willoughby
    • 1
    • 2
  • Peter Galvin
    • 3
  1. 1.the Management of Technologythe University of MinnesotaUSA
  2. 2.the Management of Technology Program in the Center for the Development of Technological LeadershipUK
  3. 3.the Graduate School of ManagementCurtin University of TechnologyUSA

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