Knowledge, Technology & Policy

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 45–62 | Cite as

Code wars: Steganography, signals intelligence, and terrorism

  • Maura Conway


This paper discusses the process of secret communication known as steganography. The argument advanced here is that terrorists are unlikely to be employing digital steganography to facilitate secret intra-group communication as has been claimed. This is because terrorist use of digital steganography is both technically and operationally implausible. The position adopted in this paper is that terrorists are likely to employ low-tech steganography such as semagrams and null ciphers instead.


Discrete Cosine Transformation Cover Image Secret Message Hide Information Digital Steganography 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Transaction Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maura Conway
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.the Department of Political ScienceTrinity College DublinIreland
  2. 2.the University of St. AndrewsScotland

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