Exploring the Mediating Role of Oral Health between Personality Traits and the Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics among Healthy Older People

  • Lucia MonacisEmail author
  • Lorenzo Lo Muzio
  • Santo Di Nuovo
  • Maria Sinatra
  • Valeria de Palo


This study aimed at exploring the mediating role of oral health in the relationships between personality traits and psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics among the elderly. The sample included 119 older adults (Mage = 68.89 SD = 9.75, 51 males) who were assessed through a self-report measure evaluating personality traits, the self-perceived impact of oral health on well-being and quality of life, and the self-perceived impact of dental aesthetics on daily living. Descriptive statistics, bivariate correlations and path coefficients were computed. Findings showed the mediating role of self-perceived oral health, given the positive indirect effects of neuroticism on social and psychological impact and aesthetic concern, and the negative indirect effects of conscientiousness on social impact and aesthetic concern. The interrelationships between personality traits and oral health in predicting psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics in elderly underline the usefulness of a patient-centered approach that clinicians should adopt to improve a healthcare system.


Personality Dental aesthetics Oral health Active ageing 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Informed Consent

As there is no person or personal data appearing in the paper, there is no one from whom a permission should be obtained in order to publish personal data.

Ethical Treatment of Experimental Subjects (Animal and Human)

Not relevant as no experiments have been carried out in this study.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of HumanitiesUniversity of FoggiaFoggiaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Clinical and Experimental MedicineUniversity of FoggiaFoggiaItaly
  3. 3.Department of Educational SciencesUniversity of CataniaCataniaItaly
  4. 4.Department of Education, Psychology, CommunicationUniversity of BariBariItaly

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