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Adaptation and Validation of the French Psychological Need Frustration Scale for Older Adults

  • Charlotte Vanhove-MeriauxEmail author
  • Guillaume Martinent
  • Claude Ferrand
Article

Abstract

This study aimed to demonstrate a significant distinction between basic psychological need frustration (BPNF) and satisfaction (BPNS) in older people. To that end, two studies were conducted. Study 1a tested the score validity and reliability of the French psychological need frustration scale for older adults (PNFS-OA) to measure BPNF for autonomy, competence and relatedness. This study involved 476 older French adults (234 women and 242 men; Mage = 75.99 years, SD = 11.7, age range = 60–98 years) and the results support the factorial validity and reliability of the PNFS-OA scores. Study 1b then examined the relationships between BPNF and a range of selected outcomes (i.e., personal growth, purpose in life, vitality, self-esteem, positive and negative affective states and depressive symptoms) controlling for BPNS. This second study involved 154 older French adults living at home (86 women and 68 men; Mage = 73.36, SD = 7.07, age range: 65–95 years). Results showed that BPNF not only made a significant contribution to the prediction of depressive symptoms (indicator of ill-being) over and above BPNS but also contributed significantly to the prediction of some indicators of well-being over and above BPNS (i.e., purpose in life and self-esteem). These results question the role of the participants’ socio-contextual environment, which would not only be a supportive but also a controlling environment for the BPN. As a whole, BPNS and BPNF provide an interesting bridge connecting both positive and pathological aspects of ageing.

Keywords

Self-determination theory Need frustration Need satisfaction Older people 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict Interest

The authors declare no conflict interest.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Ethical Treatment of Experimental Subjects (Animal and Human)

The study was approved by the institutional review board of the University of Tours (CERNI-TP, 2015-02-03). All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the current ethical amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Team of Psychology of Ages of Life (EA 2114)University François RabelaisToursFrance
  2. 2.EA psychologie des âges de la vieUniversité F. RabelaisTours Cedex 1France
  3. 3.Laboratory on Vulnerabilities and Innovation in Sport (EA 7428)University Claude Bernard Lyon 1VilleurbanneFrance

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