Ageing International

, Volume 44, Issue 3, pp 271–282 | Cite as

Health Related Quality of Life and it’s Correlates among Older Adults in Rural Pathanamthitta District, India: a Cross Sectional Study Using SF-36

  • Anna Pius
  • G. K. Mini
  • K. R. ThankappanEmail author


Data on health-related quality of life (HRQL) from India are limited. We conducted this community based cross sectional study to find out the HRQL and its correlates among older adults in one of the most advanced Indian districts in epidemiologic and demographic transition. We selected 300 older adults aged ≥60 years using a multi stage cluster sampling technique from Pathanamthitta district. Information on socio-demographics and self reported morbidity was collected using a structured interview schedule. HRQL was collected using a validated Short Form (SF)-36. We used multiple linear regression analysis to find out the correlates of HRQL. Mean age of the sample was 70 years (SD 8.4). The study constituted 58% women. The mean score of SF-36 subscales ranged from 28.8 for role physical to 78.2 for role emotional. Compared to mean physical component summary (PCS) score (42.2), mean mental component summary (MCS) score (61.2) was higher. Most of the SF-36 component scores were significantly higher among men, better educated, employed, those who lived with spouse, those who did not report chronic illness and those who belonged to upper caste compared to their counterparts. However, significance of physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) scores was limited to better educated, employed and those who belonged to upper caste. The SF-36 scores on HRQL from this district are likely to be an upper estimate.


Health related quality of life SF-36 Older adults Pathanamthitta India 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

Informed Consent

Written informed consent was obtained from all the participants before the study.

Ethical Treatment of Experimental Subjects (Animal and Human)

Ethical clearance for the study was obtained from Institute Ethics Committee of a national institute.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Achutha Menon Centre for Health Science Studies (AMCHSS)Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology (SCTIMST)TrivandrumIndia
  2. 2.Global Institute of Public Health, Ananthapuri Hospitals and Research InstituteTrivandrumIndia

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