“I Feel More Luxembourgish, but Portuguese Too” Cultural Identities in a Multicultural Society

  • Stephanie BarrosEmail author
  • Isabelle Albert
Original theoretical contribution


The present investigation focused on cultural identity and the dealing with the belonging to different cultural frames as a migrant in a highly culturally diverse context by comparing two generations of Portuguese families living in Luxembourg. Quantitative standardized questionnaires complemented by in-depth qualitative interviews with parent-child dyads were used in order to assess possible (dis)similarities between first generation Portuguese immigrant parents and their adult children (i.e. second generation) concerning their cultural identities. Generational differences were found regarding the dealing with several cultural frames, language competences and attachment to both discussed cultures. Adult children were more prone to find themselves in a “compatible” identity orientation, compared to the parental generation. Yet, when focussing specifically on the second generation, qualitative data highlighted some issues regarding the perceived views of others on one’s own cultural belonging and the perception of a certain sense of cultural identity denial from others. Our findings contribute to the existing theoretical literature on cultural identity by elucidating some major differences between immigrant parents and their adult children on how they enact the sense of belonging and the dealing with multiple cultural frames on a daily-life basis.


Cultural identity Migration Generational relations Sense of belonging Negotiation 



This study was funded by the Fonds National de la Recherche Luxembourg (C12/SC/4009630/IRMA/Albert - Intergenerational Relations in the Light of Migration and Ageing to the second author, Dr. Isabelle Albert; Research associate: Stephanie Barros). We thank the participating families as well as students for their precious support of this study.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

The study is in accordance with the ethical standards of the University of Luxembourg and received approval by the Ethics Review Panel of the University of Luxembourg (ERP-15-001 IRMA). Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the studies.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1. Faculté des Lettres, des Sciences Humaines, des Arts et des Sciences de l’EducationUniversity of Luxembourg, Maison des Sciences HumainesEsch-sur-AlzetteLuxembourg

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