Journal of Labor Research

, 29:380 | Cite as

An Examination of Factors Affecting Perception of Workplace Discrimination

  • Rupa BanerjeeEmail author


This study investigates perceptions of workplace discrimination among racial minorities in Canada. Specifically, the study examines how objective experiences of disadvantage and expectations for equity influence racial minorities’ perceptions of discrimination. The results indicate that while both of these factors affect perceptions of discrimination, expectations for equity may be especially important. Although new immigrants are among the most disadvantaged groups in the Canadian labor market, they are less likely to perceive discrimination than longer term immigrants, who may have higher expectations for equitable treatment. Education also increases the perception of discrimination among immigrants, perhaps due to the higher expectations of educated immigrants. Lastly, objective income inequity is not found to be related to perceived discrimination.


Discrimination Racial minorities Perceptions Employment inequity 



This paper was part of a Ph.D. dissertation entitled: “Employment Disadvantage of Immigrants and Visible Minorities: Evidence from Three Canadian Surveys.” Preparation was supported by a doctoral fellowship from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. I gratefully acknowledge the helpful feedback of Anil Verma, Jeffrey Reitz, Morley Gunderson and two anonymous reviewers in writing this paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ryerson UniversityTorontoCanada

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