Sexuality & Culture

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 310–324 | Cite as

Perceptions of Gender Roles in Sexual Relations and the Sexual Experiences of Medical Students in the Nile Delta of Egypt

  • Ibrahim Ali KabbashEmail author
  • Omar Omar Zidan
  • Salem Mohammed Salem
Original Paper


Research into youth sexuality is limited in countries of the Middle East. This study investigated perceptions of gender roles in sexual relations and the sexual experiences of medical students in the Nile Delta region of Egypt. A total of 525 students from two faculties of medicine in the Nile Delta Region (age range 18–25 years; 54.7% males) completed a self-administered, anonymous questionnaire on youth sexual attitudes and behaviours. There was a split of opinions about the right of women to have access to sexual knowledge and there was a generally negative attitude towards sexually liberal women. Males’ attitude significantly differed from that of females reflecting more masculine attitude in perception of sexual rights. On the other hand residence showed no association with differences in attitude among studied participants. Most students had no experience of dating (73.5%), sexual kissing (86.3%) or body touching/hugging (83.8%). Only 3.8% of students reported having heterosexual relations and 0.8% homosexual sex more than once. Sexual fantasies, masturbation and watching of sexual videos were reported by 40.4, 42.9 and 31.4% respectively. Gender significantly affected students’ attitude and practices while urban/rural differences had only a limited effect on practices.


Gender role Sex Medical students Nile Delta of Egypt 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Considerations

The study was conducted according to roles of the internal review board of Tanta Faculty of Medicine. Participation was voluntarily and no pressures exerted to share in data collection. Data collection was anonymous to protect participants’ rights to give correct information. The information was used only for research purpose and was not shared with any other authority.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of TantaTantaEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of MedicineAl-Azhar University Damietta BranchDamiettaEgypt
  3. 3.Faculty of MedicineZagazig UniversityZagazigEgypt

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