Association of Parenting with Sexual Attitudes and Behaviors of College Students in India
- 98 Downloads
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between parenting and sexual attitudes and behaviors of college students in India. Both physical sexual behaviors and online sexual behaviors were examined. A sub-sample of Indian college students aged 18–25 years (n = 159; 32% female) recruited online for survey completion were the focus of this study. Two path models were performed to explore how sexual attitudes and behaviors were associated with perceived parental solicitation, trust, and warmth. Maternal and paternal influences were tested in separate models. Mothering was more strongly associated with daughters’ sexual behaviors while fathering was associated with sons. College students with liberal sexual attitudes reported engaging in more physical and online sexual behaviors. As Indian youth experience a more globalizing coming of age than previous generations, they require an extended period of parental support and involvement. Findings in the current study suggest that young adults are receptive to parental influence with warm and trusting parent–child relationships playing a significant role in shaping college students’ sexual behaviors.
KeywordsIndia Sexual behaviors Sexual attitudes College students Parenting
- Acock, A. C. (2013). Discovering structural equation modelling using Stata. New York: Stata Press Books.Google Scholar
- Chauhan, R., Awasthi, P., & Verma, S. (2014). Attachment and psychosocial functioning: An overview. Social Science International, 30(2), 331.Google Scholar
- Desai, B. R., Thanvi, R., & Patel, K. D. (2016). Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding human sexuality and contraception among adolescents. PARIPEX-Indian Journal of Research, 5(7), 408–409.Google Scholar
- Döring, N. (2015). Consensual sexting among adolescents: Risk prevention through abstinence education or safer sexting? Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, 8(1), 1–18.Google Scholar
- Fenner, J. (2015, July 28). 6 Ways to practice safe sexting: There is nothing wrong with sending a sext. Just don’t be a dick about it. Gentleman’s Quarterly. Retrieved from http://www.gqindia.com/content/6-ways-practice-safe-sexting-gq-india/#use-a-service-that-safeguards-your-privacy. Accessed on 15 Nov 2016.
- Gentleman, A. (2007, May 24). Sex education curriculum angers Indian conservatives. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2007/05/24/world/asia/24iht-letter.1.5851113.html. Accessed on 15 Nov 2016.
- George, K. (2015, Oct. 28). Indian women discuss their sexting habits and their honesty is all kinds of praise. Bustle. Retrieved from https://www.bustle.com/articles/119948-indian-women-discuss-their-sexting-habits-their-honesty-is-all-kind-of-praise-hands-emoji. Accessed on 15 Nov 2016.
- Herman, J. D. (2010). Sexting: It’s no joke, it’s a crime. Illinois Bar Journal, 98(4), 192.Google Scholar
- Infosecurity Live. (2015, Oct. 29). Intel security reveals children’s online behaviour. Infosecurity Live. Retrieved from: http://infosecuritylive.com/dev2/?p=2174. Accessed on 31 Feb 2017.
- Ipeirotis, P. G. (2010). Demographics of mechanical turk. NYU working paper no. CeDER-10-01. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1585030. Accessed on 12 Feb 2017.
- Jaishankar, K. (2009). Sexting: A new form of victimless crime. International Journal of Cyber Criminology, 3(1), 21–25.Google Scholar
- Jejeebhoy, S. J., & Santhya, K. G. (2011). Parent-child communication on sexual and reproductive health matters: Perspectives of mothers and fathers of youth in India. Population Council. Retrieved from http://www.popcouncil.org/uploads/pdfs/2011PGY_ParentChildCommunication.pdf. Accessed on 02 Feb 2017.
- Jerome, M. H., & Srinivasan, M. (2014). Mobile phones: New venue of victimization—A study among young girls in Chennai, India. International Journal of Management Research and Social Science, 1(1), 45–52.Google Scholar
- Kakar, S. (1978). The inner world: A psycho-analytic study of childhood and society in India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Khaleque, A., & Rohner, R. P. (2002). Reliability of measures assessing the pancultural association between perceived parental acceptance-rejection and psychological adjustment a meta-analysis of cross-cultural and intracultural studies. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 33(1), 87–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Khanna, S., Ratan, A., Davis, J., & Thies, W. (2010). Evaluating and improving the usability of Mechanical Turk for low-income workers in India. In Proceedings of the 1st ACM symposium on computing for development (12). ACM.Google Scholar
- Kline, R. B. (2011). Principles and practice of structural equation modelling. New York: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Krishnan, L. (1998). Child rearing: The Indian perspective. Child development: The Indian perspective (pp. 25–55). New Delhi: NCERT Press.Google Scholar
- Lenhart, A. (2009). Teens and sexting. Pew Research Center. Retrieved from http://www.pewinternet.org/2009/12/15/teens-and-sexting/. Accessed on 03 Feb 2017.
- Meyer, E. (2009, Dec. 16). ‘Sexting’ and suicide. How can we help protect teens from new forms of ‘sextual’ harassment? Psychology Today. Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/gender-and-schooling/200912/sexting-and-suicide. Accessed on 02 Feb 2017.
- Mumbai Mirror. (2015, Nov. 23). Beware! Sexting can land you in trouble. The Times of India. Retrieved from http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/life-style/relationships/man-woman/Beware-Sexting-can-land-you-in-trouble/articleshow/49670245.cms. Accessed on 15 Nov 2016.
- O’Neill, B., Grehan, S., & Ólafsson, K. (2011). Risks and safety for children on the Internet: The Ireland report. Retrieved from http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/46444/1/IrelandReport.pdf. Accessed on 01 Nov 2013.
- Pew Research Center. (2011). 2011 teens and digital citizenship survey. Resource document. Retrieved from http://www.pewinternet.org/files/old-media/Files/Questionnaire/2011/Teens%20Digital%20Citizenship_Topline_Kindness_Cruelty_Release110911.pdf. Accessed on 01 Nov 2013.
- Puri, J. (1999). Woman, body, desire in post-colonial India: Narratives of gender and sexuality. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Ravi, S. (2016, Oct. 18). Better safe than sorry. The Hindu. Retrieved from http://www.thehindu.com/features/metroplus/Better-safe-than-sorry/article14465392.ece. Accessed on 03 Nov 2017.
- Sengupta, A. (2009) India in denial of sex education. The Guardian. Retrieved from http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2009/aug/16/sex-education-india/print. Accessed on 15 Nov 2016.
- Sinhal, K. (2012). Sexting culture fast catching up with Indian teens. The Times of India. Retrieved from https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/science/Sexting-culture-fast-catching-up-with-Indian-teens/articleshow/14684015.cms. Accessed on 15 Nov 2016.
- StataCorp. (2013). Stata: Release 13. Statistics Software. College Station, TX: StataCorp LP.Google Scholar
- Sujay, R. (2009). Premarital sexual behaviour among unmarried college students of Gujarat India. Health and Population Innovation Fellowship Program working paper. Population Council. Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download;jsessionid=F397EE6BD5CC7F94D297B3399D0C53D7?doi=10.1.1.175.8739&rep=rep1&type=pdf. Accessed on 20 Feb 2018.
- Vishnoi, A., & Thacker, T. (2009). No sex educations in schools, leads to promiscuity: House Panel. The Indian Express. Retrieved from http://archive.indianexpress.com/news/no-sex-education-in-schools-leads-to-promiscuity-house-panel/448353/. Accessed on 15 Nov 2015.
- Whitchurch, G. G., & Constantine, L. L. (2009). Systems theory. In P. G. Boss, W. J. Doherty, R. LaRossa, W. R. Schumm, & K. S. Steinmetz (Eds.), Sourcebook of family theories and methods: A contextual approach (pp. 325–355). New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar