Procuring Sexual Services: Evidencing Masculinity Diversity and Difference Through Sex Work Research
Masculinities theorising has promoted a traditional view of maleness, conceptualising it as being dominant, successful and non-emotional; that is hegemonic masculinity. Contemporary work on men and their behaviour, recognising need and emotions, has been classified as subordinate to hegemonic masculinity. We examine the procurement of sexual services by a cohort of heterosexual men in New South Wales, Australia arguing that our findings support contemporary masculinity writings. Our analysis suggests that men seek and obtain intimacy and emotional experiences through procurement of sex, while at the same time reflecting some hegemonic masculine characteristics. We conclude by arguing that research with men who procure sexual services provides new insights into masculinities theorising recognising difference and diversity in what it is to be a man in the twenty-first century.
KeywordsMasculinity Procurement of sexual services Hegemony Emotions Intimacy
- Anderson, E. (2010). Inclusive masculinity: The changing nature of masculinities. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Australian Beureau of Statistics (ABS). (2013). Cultural diversity on Australia: Reflecting a Nation: Stories from the 2011 census. Accessed at: http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/2071.0main+features902012-2013. Viewed February 21, 2017.
- Bandes, S. A. (2009). Victims, closure, and the sociology of emotion. Law & Contemporary Problems, 72, 1–27.Google Scholar
- Barry, K. (1995). The prostitution of sexuality: The global exploitation of women. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
- Birch, P. (2015). Why men buy sex: Examining sex worker clients. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Bryman, A. (2008). Social research methods (3rd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Connell, R. (1995). Masculinities. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
- Counselling and Wellness Centre, University of Florida (n.d.). Types of Intimacy. Accessed at: http://www.counseling.ufl.edu/cwc/types-of-intimacy.aspx Viewed on March 13, 2017.
- Fulcher, J., & Scott, J. (2009). Sociology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Hall, R. (2008). Applied social research: Planning, designing and conducting real-world research. Melbourne: Macmillan Education.Google Scholar
- Jeffreys, S. (1997). The idea of prostitution. North Melbourne: Spinifex Press.Google Scholar
- Kimmel, M. S., & Kaufman, M. (1993). The new men’s movement: Retreat and regression with America’s weekend warriors. Gender Issues, 13(2), 3–21.Google Scholar
- MacKinnon, C. (1990). Confronting the liberal lies about prostitution. In D. Leidholdt & J. Raymond (Eds.), The sexual liberals and the attack on feminism. New York: Elsevier Science.Google Scholar
- O’Connell Davidson, J. (1998). Prostitution, power and freedom. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
- Sanders, T. (2008a). Paying for pleasure: Men who buy sex. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Seidler, V. J. (1994). Recovering the self: Morality and social theory. Hove: Psychology Press.Google Scholar
- Seidler, V. J. (1997). Man enough: Embodying masculinities. London: Sage.Google Scholar
- Seidler, V. J. (1998). Masculinity, violence and emotional life (pp. 193–210). Emotions in social life: Critical themes and contemporary issues.Google Scholar
- Stroller, R. J. (1975). Perversion: The erotic form of hatred. New York: Pantheon.Google Scholar