Condoms, Sex, and Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Exploring Sexual Health Issues Among Asian-Indian College Students
- 376 Downloads
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) continue to pose a serious risk to college students in the US. According to the Centers for Disease Control, the highest rates of STIs are among college students and adolescents. Specifically regarding Asian-Indian students, more research is needed to thoroughly understand the knowledge, attitudes and sexual behaviors of this population. A comprehensive review of the literature found a paucity of studies involving Asian-Indian involvement in sexual activity. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to fill gaps in the research. The present study examined Asian-Indian college students’ involvement in sexual behaviors, overall STI knowledge, condom use rate, perceived benefits and barriers to condom use, and history of STIs and STI testing. A five page survey was completed by 122 Asian-Indian college students. Results indicated that overall STI knowledge was low. Females, students who perceived fewer barriers to condom use and students who had lived in the US for at least 3 years held significantly higher STI knowledge levels than their counterparts. Such findings could be used by community and university-based health educators to more effectively serve the needs of Asian-Indian students.
KeywordsSTIs Condoms Asian-Indian College students
- American Social Health Association. (2013). Statistics on sexually transmitted infections. Retrieved from http://www.ashasexualhealth.org/std-sti/std-statistics.html.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012). STDs in adolescents and young adults. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/std/stats11/adol.htm.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2013). Male latex condoms and sexually transmitted diseases. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/CONDOMEFFECTIVENESS/LATEX.HTM.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2006). Youth risk behavior surveillance—United States, 2005. Surveillance Summaries, June 9, 2004, MMWR 55 (No. SS-5) pp. 1–108.Google Scholar
- Kamb, M. L., Fishbein, M., Douglas, J. M., Rhodes, F., Rogers, J., Bolan, G., et al. (1998). Efficacy of risk reduction counseling to prevent human immunodeficiency virus and sexually transmitted diseases. The Journal of American Medical Association, 280(13), 1161–1167.Google Scholar
- Nag, M. (1995). Sexual behavior in India with risk of HIV/AIDS transmission. Health Transition Review, 5(Suppl. 1), 293–305.Google Scholar
- National Prevention Information Network (NPIN). (n.d.). STIs today. Retrieved February 2, 2007 from http://www.cdcnpin.org/scripts/STI/STI.asp.
- Raymond, H. F., Chen, S., Truong, H. M., Knapper, K. B., Klausner, J. D., Choi, K. H., et al. (2007). Trends in sexually transmitted diseases, sexual risk behavior, and HIV infection among Asian/Pacific Islander men who have sex with men, San Francisco, 1999–2005. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 34(5), 262–264.Google Scholar
- Seidman, S. N., & Rieder, R. O. (1994). A review of sexual behavior in the United States. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 151(3), 330–341.Google Scholar
- Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS). (2000). Developing guidelines for comprehensive sexuality education, pp. 1–36. Retrieved October 1, 2013 from http://www.siecus.org.
- Tavkar, P., Iyer, S. N., & Hansen, D. J. (2008). Barriers to mental health services for Asian Indians in America. Poster presented at the 42nd Annual Convention of the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies, Orlando, FL.Google Scholar
- United States Census Bureau. (2013). Asians fastest growing race or ethnic group in 2012. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/population/cb13-112.html.
- Wildsmith, E., Schelar, E., Peterson, K., & Manlove, J. (2010). Sexually transmitted diseases among young adults: Prevalence, perceived risk, and risk-taking behaviors. Retrieved from http://www.sp2.upenn.edu/ostrc/docs/document_library/hwsn/Sexual%20Health%20and%20Relationships/Sexually%20Transmitted%20Diseases.pdf.