Father–Daughter Communication About Sex Moderates the Association Between Exposure to MTV’s 16 and Pregnant/Teen Mom and Female Students’ Pregnancy-Risk Behavior
- 3.4k Downloads
MTV’s hit programs 16 and Pregnant and Teen Mom have been the subject of national debate since their inception. Supporters contend that the shows inhibit pregnancy-risk behavior. Critics contend that the shows glamorize adolescent motherhood and encourage pregnancy-risk behavior. The present study explored the possibility that the association between viewing 16 and Pregnant and Teen Mom and student females’ pregnancy-risk behavior depends on the extent to which females’ parents communicated with them about sex while they were growing up. Survey data were gathered from 313 female students. A disordinal interaction was found between father–daughter sexual communication, viewing frequency, and recent intercourse behavior. Frequent viewing was associated with an increased probability of having engaged in recent intercourse for females whose fathers did not communicate with them about sex while growing up. Conversely, frequent viewing was associated with a decreased probability of having engaged in recent intercourse for females whose fathers often communicated about sex with them while growing up. No interaction was found between mother–daughter sexual communication, viewing frequency, and recent intercourse behavior. These results suggest that fathers may play an especially important role in determining how sexual media socialize their daughters.
Keywords16 and Pregnant Teen mom MTV Sexual socialization Pregnancy-risk Sexual communication Family communication
- Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Albert, B. (2010). With one voice 2010: America’s adults and teens sound off about teen pregnancy. Washington, DC: The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy.Google Scholar
- Bauer, K. (2011). What’s being done to cut teen pregnancy rates in Louisville. The Wave. Retrieved from http://www.wave3.com/story/14673093/16-and-pregnant-whats-being-done-to-curb-teen-pregnancy-numbers-in-louisville.
- Bellafante, G. (2009). Real life is like ‘Juno’ except maybe the dialogue. New York Times. Retrieved from http://tv.nytimes.com/2009/06/11/arts/television/11sixteen.html.
- Brown, J. D., & Steele, J. R. (1995). Sex and the mass media. Menlo Park, CA: Kaiser Family Foundation.Google Scholar
- Brown, J. D., Steele, J. R., & Walsh-Childers, K. (2002). Preface. In J. Brown, J. R. Steele, & K. Walsh-Childers (Eds.), Sexual teens, sexual media (pp. xi–xiv). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- Bryant, J., & Rockwell, S. C. (1994). Effects of massive exposure to sexually oriented prime-time television programming on adolescents’ moral judgment. In D. Zillman, J. Bryant, & A. C. Huston (Eds.), Media, children, and the family: Social scientific, psychodynamic, and clinical perspectives (pp. 183–195).Google Scholar
- Buckner, E. (2010). Condoms, birth control prove less effective than simple abstinence. Retrieved from http://www.kstatecollegian.com/edge/condoms-birth-control-prove-less-effective-than-simple-abstinence-1.2340096#.T2YZEtmO7To.
- Centers for Disease Control. (2012). Unintended pregnancy prevention: contraception. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/unintendedpregnancy/contraception.html.
- Collins, C. L., Angera, J. J., & Latty, C. R. (2008). College aged females’ perceptions of their fathers as sexuality educators. Journal of Ethnographic & Qualitative Research, 2, 81–90.Google Scholar
- Dolgen, L. (2011). Why I created MTV’s ‘16 and Pregnant.’ CNN. Retrieved from http://articles.cnn.com/2011-05-04/entertainment/teen.mom.dolgen_1_teen-pregnancy-teen-mom-teen-mothers?_s=PM:SHOWBIZ.
- Dunsmore, S. C. (2005). Why abstain from sex? Building and psychometric testing of the sexual abstinence motivation scale (SAMS). Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.Google Scholar
- Field, A. (2005). Discovering statistics using SPSS. London: Sage.Google Scholar
- Hepburn, E. H. (1983). A three-level model of parent-daughter communication about sexual topics. Adolescence, 18, 523–534.Google Scholar
- Hock, H. (2007). The pill and the college attainment of American women and men. Retrieved from ftp://econpapers.fsu.edu/RePEc/fsu/wpaper/wp2007_10_01.pdf.
- Jonsson, P. (2010). A force behind the lower teen birthrate: MTV’s ‘16 and Pregnant.’ Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved from LexisNexis.Google Scholar
- Kembi, F. D. (2008). Normative perceptions and influential factors on sexual behavior among abstinent college students. University of Georgia: Unpublished doctoral dissertation.Google Scholar
- Loewenson, P. R., Ireland, M., & Resnick, M. (2004). Primary and secondary sexual abstinence in high school students. Journal of Adolescent Health, 34, 209–215.Google Scholar
- Marcus, L. (2011). What ruined 16 and Pregnant? Teen Mom? Huffington Post. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/lilit-marcus/16-and-pregnant-teen-mom_b_859197.html.
- Mastro, D. (2010). Intergroup communication in the context of tradition media. In H. Giles, S. Reid, & J. Harwood (Eds.), The dynamics of intergroup communication (pp. 195–207). New York: Peter Lang Publishing, Inc.Google Scholar
- National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy. (2009). Unplanned pregnancy and community colleges. Washington, DC: Author.Google Scholar
- Preventing pregnancy. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.itsyoursexlife.com/gyt/protect/preventing-pregnancy-faqs/.
- Ramist, L. (1981). College student attrition and retention. New York: College Entrance Examination Board.Google Scholar
- Roeper, R. (2011). Making celebs of teen moms has drawbacks. Chicago Sun Times. Retrieved from http://www.suntimes.com/news/roeper/5431883-417/making-celebs-of-teen-moms-has-drawbacks.html.
- Rose, J. S., Chassin, L., Presson, C. C., & Sherman, S. J. (2000). Prospective predictors of smoking cessation: A logistic regression application. In J. S. Rose, L. Chassin, C. C. Presson, & S. J. Sherman (Eds.), Multivariate applications in substance use research: New methods for new questions (pp. 289–317). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- Ruth, F., & Dotger, S. (2011). Sex education knowledge differences between freshman and senior college undergraduates. College Student Journal, 45, 199–213.Google Scholar
- Seidman, R. (2011). MTV delivers sixth consecutive quarter of growth. TV by the Numbers. Retrieved from http://tvbythenumbers.zap2it.com/2011/06/29/mtv-delivers-sixth-consecutive-quarter-of-growth/96872/.
- Severin, W. J., & Tankard, J. W. (2001). Communication theories. New York, NY: Longman.Google Scholar
- Strouse, J. S., & Buerkel-Rothfuss, N. L. (1987). Media exposure and the sexual attitudes and behaviors of college students. Journal of Sex Education and Therapy, 13, 43–51.Google Scholar
- Suellentrop, K., Brown, J., & Ortiz, R. (2010). Evaluating the impact of MTV’s 16 and Pregnant on teen viewers’ attitudes about teen pregnancy. Washington, DC: The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy.Google Scholar
- Wright, P. J. (2011). Mass media effects on youth sexual behavior: Assessing the claim for causality. Communication Yearbook, 35, 343–386.Google Scholar
- Wright, P. J., Malamuth, N. M., & Donnerstein, E. (2012). Research on sex in the media: What do we know about effects on children and adolescents? In D. G. Singer & J. L. Singer (Eds.), Handbook of children and the media (pp. 273–302). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Wright, P. J., Randall, A. K., & Hayes, J. G. (in press). Predicting the condom assertiveness of collegiate females in the United States from the expanded health belief model. International Journal of Sexual Health. Google Scholar