Trends in Organized Crime

, Volume 16, Issue 3, pp 265–285 | Cite as

Organized crime in three regions: comparing the Veneto, Liverpool, and Chicago



This paper studies organized crime in three regions, the Veneto in Northern Italy, Liverpool in England, and Chicago in the United States. Data were gathered from published reports, government documents, and field observation. Case studies were then compiled describing organized crime in each area. The findings suggest that various jurisdictions define organized crime differently. These different definitions correspond to the nature of organized crime in each locality. In spite of these differences, however, there is consensus about the use of the term mafia. Groups that are defined as mafias generally exercise some degree of political influence in their areas of operation. Additionally, criminal groups that began as adolescent gangs retain the gang classification even after they move into drug trafficking and other organized criminal activities. These findings suggest important distinctions between organized criminal groups and improve our understanding of the term organized crime.


Mafia Organized crime Chicago outfit The Veneto Chicago Liverpool Camorra ‘Ndrangheta Crime firms 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School International StudiesUniversity of TrentoTrentoItaly
  2. 2.Department of Criminal JusticeLoyola UniversityChicagoUSA
  3. 3.Department of SociologyUniversity of EssexColchesterUK

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