Trends in Organized Crime

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 1–12 | Cite as

Asterix and Obelix in Drugland: an introduction to the special issue on ‘drug markets’

  • Georgios A. AntonopoulosEmail author
  • Georgios Papanicolaou


This paper provides an introduction to the articles bringing forward empirical research findings and theoretical accounts on drug markets, raising questions about the nature of the relationship between the organization of drug markets and the official frameworks surrounding them, and, importantly, about the complexity of this relationship.


Drug markets Prohibitionism War on drugs 



We would like to thank Klaus von Lampe for the opportunity to prepare this special issue, the authors for the timely delivery of articles, the reviewers for their constructive criticism and suggestions on earlier drafts of the articles as well as Petrus C. van Duyne for the interesting drug-related chat. We are also indebted to the Transnational Institute (and particularly Martin Jelsma, Tom Kramer and Tom Blickman) for granting us permission to use an excerpt from their report in this special issue. Finally, we thank Winnalyn Hiponia and Mac Gatpayat for the assistance offered on technical issues.


  1. Antonopoulos GA (2008) The Greek connection(s): the social organization of the cigarette smuggling business in Greece. Eur J Criminol 5(3):263–288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arlacchi P (1998) Some observations on illegal markets. In: Ruggiero V, South N, Taylor I (eds) The new European criminology. Routledge, London, pp 203–215Google Scholar
  3. Bourgois P (1995) Workaday world, crack economy. The Nation 4:706–711Google Scholar
  4. Bourgois P (1998) Just another night in a shooting gallery. Theory Cult Soc 15(2):37–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cilluffo F (2000) The threat posed from the convergence of organised crime, drug trafficking and terrorism. Available online at:, accessed on 7 June 2009
  6. Dávalos LM, Bejarano AC, Corre HL (2009) Disabusing cocaine: pervasive myths and enduring realities of a globalised commodity. Int J Drug Policy 20:381–386CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Drug Policy Alliance Network (2004) Drug policy around the world. Available online at:, accessed on 7 June 2009
  8. European Communities (2009) A report on global illicit drug markets 1998–2007. European Communities, BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  9. EUROPOL (2008) OCTA 2008: EU organised crime threat assessment. EUROPOL, The HagueGoogle Scholar
  10. Grayson K (2003) Discourse, identity, and the US: ‘war on drugs’. In: Beare M (ed) Critical reflections on transnational organized crime, money laundering and corruption. University of Toronto Press, Toronto, pp 145–170Google Scholar
  11. Green P (1998) Drugs, trafficking and criminal policy: the scapegoat strategy. Waterside, WinchesterGoogle Scholar
  12. Johansen PO (2005) Organised crime, Norwegian style. In: van Duyne PC, von Lampe K, van Dijck M, Newell J (eds) The organised crime economy: managing crime markets in Europe. Wolf Legal, Nijmegen, pp 189–207Google Scholar
  13. Jones T, Newburn T, Smith DJ (1994) Democracy and policing. Policy Studies Institute, LondonGoogle Scholar
  14. Kandel D (1975) Stages in adolescent involvement in drug use. Science 190(4217):912–914CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Levitt SD, Dubner SJ (2005) Freakonomics. Allen Lane, LondonGoogle Scholar
  16. Martin P (2008) Sex, drugs & chocolate: the science of pleasure. Harper Collins, LondonGoogle Scholar
  17. May T, Duffy M, Few B, Hough M (2005) Understanding drug selling in communities: insider or outsider trading. Joseph Rowntree Foundation, YorkGoogle Scholar
  18. Naylor T (2004) Wages of crime: black markets, illegal finance and the underworld economy. Revised edition. Cornell University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. Paoli L, Reuter P (2008) Drug trafficking and ethnic minorities in Western Europe. Eur J Criminol 5(1):13–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Pearson G (2006) Drug markets and dealing: from ‘street dealer’ to ‘Mr. Big’. In: Simpson M, Shildrick T, MacDonald R (eds) Drugs in Britain: supply, consumption and control. Palgrave, Basingstoke, pp 76–92Google Scholar
  21. Reuter P (2000) Connecting drug policy and research on drug markets. In: Natarajan M, Hough M (eds) Illegal drug markets: from research to prevention policy. Criminal Justice, Monsey, pp 319–329Google Scholar
  22. Shapiro H (2004) Illustrated directory of recreational drugs. Salamander, LondonGoogle Scholar
  23. Shearing CR (2004) Opium: a journey through time. Mercury Books, LondonGoogle Scholar
  24. Stevens A, Bewley-Taylor D, Dreyfus P (2009) Drug markets and urban violence: can tackling one reduce the other? Available online at: , accessed on 4 June 2009
  25. Taylor I (1999) Crime in context. Polity, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  26. Thoumi F (2003) The numbers’ game: let’s all guess the size of the illegal drugs industry!, TNI crime & globalisation paper. Available online at:, accessed on 7 June 2009
  27. Tonry M (1995) Malign neglect: race, crime and punishment in America. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  28. UNODC (2008) 2008 world drug report. UNODC, ViennaGoogle Scholar
  29. UNODC (2009) A century of international drug control. Available online at:, accessed on 7 June 2009
  30. van Duyne PC (1995) The phantom and threat of organised crime. Crime Law Soc Change 24(4):341–377CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. van Duyne PC (2003) Greasing the organisation of crime-markets. In: van Duyne PC, von Lampe K, Newell JL (eds) Criminal finances and organising crime in Europe. Wolf Legal, Nijmegen, pp 1–19Google Scholar
  32. van Duyne PC (2007) The upperworld side of illicit trafficking. Crime & Justice International, November/December, 46–47Google Scholar
  33. van Duyne PC, Levi M (2005) Drugs and money: managing the drug trade and crime-money in Europe. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
  34. von Lampe K (2006) The cigarette black market in Germany and in the United Kingdom. J Financ Crime 13(2):235–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Zaitch D (2002) Trafficking cocaine: Colombian drug entrepreneurs in the Netherlands. Kluwer, The HagueGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Georgios A. Antonopoulos
    • 1
    Email author
  • Georgios Papanicolaou
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Social Sciences & LawTeesside UniversityMiddlesbroughUK

Personalised recommendations