Pankaj Mishra: Age of Anger: A History of the Present
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The problems and unintended consequences of modernity have preoccupied Western intellectuals and social scientists for a long time. The recent process of “globalization” - arguably, another form, or outgrowth of modernization - and the many hostile and violent responses to it, have intensified these preoccupations. The critiques of globalization are rooted in the critiques of capitalism. Globalism, or global capitalism, is widely seen as an especially insidious and exploitative variety of capitalism.
Modernization and its fruits raise two key questions. The first: do its benefits outweigh its destructive, unintended consequences and by products? The second, are most of the complaints about modernity reflections of high, and unrealistic expectations, products of relative deprivation - that is deprivations relative to lofty ideals and expectations of a wide range of benefits (socio-economic as well as personal) - or are the critiques stimulated by indisputable, tangible deprivations that...