The Review of Black Political Economy

, Volume 28, Issue 4, pp 31–71 | Cite as

Cognitive skills, test scores, and social stratification: The role of family and school-level resources on racial/ethnic differences in scores on standardized tests (AFQT)

  • Héctor R. Cordero-Guzmán


In this paper I ahve shown that scores on the AFQT are a function of family and school level material resources and investments on individual development. The AFQT is not a measure of “intelligence (IQ),” “ability,” or “cognitive skills.” The AFQT is in large part a measure of access to material resources, social investments, and exposure to the values, experiences, and networks of the white upper middle class.


Material Resource School Quality Social Investment Youth Unemployment School Characteristic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer 2002

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  • Héctor R. Cordero-Guzmán

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