Stereotype Threat and Psychosocial Outcomes Among African Americans: A Population-Based Approach

  • Arthur L. Whaley


The current study is a population-based test of stereotype threat effects in a national study of African Americans. Stereotype threat activation is operationalized as the additive interaction between identity threat (i.e., perceiving race as barrier to life goals) and high endorsement of negative stereotypes among African American respondents (N = 3750) to the National Survey of American Life. Those classified as experiencing stereotype threat are hypothesized (1) to have the lowest scores on measures of cognitive functioning, perceived mastery, and educational attainment; and (2) these effects would be stronger than the negative stereotypes only group. Limited support was found for the hypotheses. Extension of stereotype threat to social inequities in the broader African American community may be premature.


African Americans Cognitive functioning Educational attainment Perceived mastery Stereotype threat 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The author declares that he has no conflict of interest.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.HoustonUSA

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