Journal of African American Studies

, Volume 22, Issue 1, pp 125–138 | Cite as

Improving Police Transparency and Accountability in Violent Encounters with African Americans

RESEARCH REPORT
  • 103 Downloads

References

  1. Alexander, M. (2010). The new jim crow: mass incarceration in the age of colorblindness. New York: The New Press.Google Scholar
  2. American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) (2015). Stop and Frisk in Chicago. ACLU of Illinois. March. At http://www.aclu-il.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/ACLU_StopandFrisk_6.pdf.
  3. Ariel, B., et al. (2015). The effect of police body-worn cameras on use of force and citizens’ complaints against the police: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 31(3), 509–535.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ariel, B., et al. (2016). Wearing body cameras increases assaults against police officers and does not reduce police use of force: results from a global multi-site experiment. European Journal of Criminology, 13(6), 744–755.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Beradini, N. (Director) (2015). Killing them safely (Documentary). Zipper Brothers Films, April 17. At https://www.netflix.com/watch/80053472?trackId=13752289&tctx=0%2C0%2Cd4b60ba65130e878605585494fdfec776be90b4c%3Ac03041e035b95e0cdcb06879a8aa9f4d30cc7d24.
  6. Brown, T.K. (2015). The cases where U. S. police have faced killing charges. BBC News. April 8. At http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-30339943.
  7. CBS News (2013). How fired police officers often end up back on the job. CBS News. March 6. At http://www.cbsnews.com/news/how-fired-police-officers-often-end-up-back-on-the-job/.
  8. Cobb, J. (2016). Policing the Police (Documentary), Frontline/PBS, June 28. At https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/film/policing-the-police/.
  9. Department of Justice (DOJ) (2016). Justice department outlines plan to enable nationwide collection of use of force data. justice news. October 13. At https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/justice-department-outlines-plan-enable-nationwide-collection-use-force-data.
  10. Dewan, S., & Oppel, R.A. Jr.. (2017). Efforts to curb police abuses have mixed record and uncertain future. The New York Times. January 14. At https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/14/us/chicago-police-consent-decree.html.
  11. Elinson, Z., & Palazzolo, J. (2014). Police rarely criminally charged for on-duty shootings. The Wall Street Journal. November 24. At https://www.wsj.com/articles/police-rarely-criminally-charged-for-on-duty-shootings-1416874955.
  12. Fagan, J., & Harcourt, B.E. (2014). Fact sheet on the michael brown case. Columbia Law School. December 5. At http://www.law.columbia.edu/news/2014/11/michael-brown-case-fact-sheet
  13. Faturechi, R., & Poston, B. (2013). Behind the badge: sheriff department hired officers with histories of misconduct. Los Angeles Times. December 1. At http://graphics.latimes.com/behind-the-badge/.
  14. Feldman, J. M., et al. (2017). Quantifying Underreporting of Law-Enforcement Related Deaths in United States Vital Statistics and News-Media-Based Data Sources: A Capture-Recapture Analysis. PLOS Medicine, 14(10), e1002449.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002449.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gaines, L., & Miller, R. L. R. (2015). Criminal Justice in Action. Stamford: Cengage Learning.Google Scholar
  16. Graham, D.A. (2015). Why is it So Hard to Track Police Killings? The Atlantic. June 3. At https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2015/06/why-is-it-so-hard-to-track-police-killings/394772/.
  17. Greenberg, D. F. (2014). Studying New York City’s Crime Decline: Methodological Issues. Justice Quarterly Review, 31(1), 154–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Jouvenal, J. (2015). Excited delirium cited in dozens of deaths in police custody. is it real or a cover for brutality?. Washington Post. May 6. At https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/crime/existence-of-excited-delirium-ruling-in-va-womans-death-has-experts- split/2015/05/06/b1cc9499-ddaa-474c-9e8a-9ae89a9ae679_story.html?utm_term=.3bc5b0bc1875.
  19. Kelly, K., & Rich, S. (2015). Forced reforms, mixed results. The Washington Post. November 13. At http://www.washingtonpost.com/sf/investigative/2015/11/13/forced-reforms-mixed-results/.
  20. Kindy, K., & Kelly, K. (2015) Thousands Dead, few prosecuted. Washington Post. April 11. At http://www.washingtonpost.com/sf/investigative/2015/04/11/thousands-dead-few-prosecuted/.
  21. Kroman, D. (2016). Disqualifying conduct rarely an obstacle for fired police to get rehired. Crosscut. April 6. At http://crosscut.com/2016/04/fired-officers-can-become-hired-officers/.
  22. Lee, T. (2015). DOJ report reveals problem-plagued philadelphia police department. MSNBC. March 23. At http://www.msnbc.com/msnbc/doj-report-philadelphia-police-department.
  23. Lewis, R., & Veltman, N. (2014). Can the NYPD spot the abusive cop? WNYC News. December 5. At http://www.wnyc.org/story/can-the-nypd-spot-the-abusive-cop/.
  24. Lewis, R., et al. (2015). Is police misconduct a secret in your state? WNYC News. October 15. At https://project.wnyc.org/disciplinary-records/.
  25. Manning, P. K. (2015). Will the widespread use of body cameras improve police accountability? No. Spring: Americas Quarterly At http://www.americasquarterly.org/content/no-new-technologies-wont-change-behavior.Google Scholar
  26. Motivans, M. (2013). Federal justice statistics 2010- statistical tables. U.S. Department of Justice: Bureau of Justice Statistics. December. At https://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/fjs10st.pdf.
  27. New York Civil Liberties Union (NYCLU) (2013). Stop and frisk data. NYCLU. August 12. At http://www.nyclu.org/content/stop-and-frisk-data.
  28. Patterson, B.E. (2015). 10 Things you should know about the killing of Laquan McDonald by police. Mother Jones. December 1. At http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2015/11/laquan-mcdonald-chicago-police-shooting-video-explainer.
  29. Picket, K. (2015). DOJ police probes and consent decrees spike under Obama. The Daily Caller. May 28. At http://www.aclu-il.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/ACLU_StopandFrisk_6.pdf.
  30. Reiman, J., & Leighton, P. (2017). The Rich Get Richer and the Poor Get Prison: Ideology, Class and Criminal Justice. New York: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group.Google Scholar
  31. Rios, V. (2011). Punished: Policing The Lives of Black and Latino Boys. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  32. Simmons, K. C. (2015). Increasing police accountability: restoring trust and legitimacy through the appointment of independent prosecutors. Washington University Journal of Law & Policy, 49, 137–158 At http://openscholarship.wustl.edu/law_journal_law_policy/vol49/iss1/11.Google Scholar
  33. Skolnick, J., & Fyfe, J. (1993). Above the Law: Police and the Excessive Use of Force. New York: The Free Press.Google Scholar
  34. Sullivan, J., et al. (2016). In fatal shootings by police, 1 in 5 Officers’ names Go Undisclosed. Washington Post. April 1. At https://www.washingtonpost.com/investigations/in-fatal-shootings-by-police-1-In-5-officers-names-go- undisclosed/2016/03/31/4bb08bc8-ea10-11e5-b0fd-073d5930a7b7_story.html.
  35. The Associated Press (2015). Police: man falls from wall, dies after stun gun used. CNN News. August 10. At http://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/police-man-falls-wall-dies-after-stun-gun-used.
  36. The Guardian (2015a). The counted: people killed by police in the U. S. The Guardian (Data Base). January – December 2015. At https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/ng-interactive/2015/jun/01/the-counted-police-killings-us-database.
  37. The Guardian (2015b). Bolt From the Blue. The Guardian. November 5. At https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2015/nov/05/police-tasers-deaths-the-counted.
  38. The Guardian (2016) The counted: people killed by police in the U. S. The Guardian (Data Base). January – December 2016. At https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/ng-interactive/2015/jun/01/the-counted-police-killings-us-database.
  39. The Harvard Law Review (2017). Restoring legitimacy: the grand jury as the prosecutor’s administrative agency. The Harvard Law Review. February 10. At https://Harvardlawreview.org/2017/02/restoring-legitimacy/.
  40. Williams, T. (2016). Ousted police officers are often hired in other cities. New York Times. September 10. At https://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/11/us/whereabouts-of-cast-out-police-officers-other-cities-often-hire-them.html.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologySuffolk UniversityBostonUSA

Personalised recommendations