Journal of African American Studies

, Volume 11, Issue 3–4, pp 204–213 | Cite as

Racism as Health Risk for African-American Males: Correlations Between Hypertension and Skin Color

  • Ronald E. Hall


Racism has dominated the social fabric of American society since its founding. African-American males have been the focal point for various forms of racism given their perception as threatening. Exacerbated by media images the threatening perceptions of African-American males result in racist victimization during encounters with law enforcement agencies for otherwise law abiding citizens. Based upon the constant prevalence of racism in public life African-American males suffer from abnormally high blood pressure. The result is a health risk manifested by a correlation between skin color and hypertension. Social scientists are all but unaware of this phenomenon. Solution to the problem will require more informed research and the elimination of racism in total.


Racism Health risk African-American males Hypertension Skin color 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science & Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Room 224 Baker Hall, School of Social WorkMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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