Human Nature

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 133–137 | Cite as

Parenting Strategies in Modern and Emerging Economies

Introduction to the Special Issue
  • Kermyt G. AndersonEmail author
  • Kathrine E. Starkweather


Independent of ecology, subsistence strategy, social complexity, or other aspects of socioecology, the altricial nature of young humans requires mothers to have help raising their offspring. What seems to be context-dependent, however, is who the helpers are, how they invest, and what the impacts of that investment are. In a series of papers that focus on parental and alloparental investment across five populations, this special issue of Human Nature uses evolutionary theory to examine how socioecological context influences modes of direct parental investment among the boat-dwelling Shodagor of Bangladesh (Starkweather), modes of indirect paternal investment in the modern United States (Anderson), and the biological outcome of paternal investment for men in Jamaica (Gray et al.), as well as direct alloparental investment among village Bangladeshis (Perry) and indirect alloparental investment in breastfeeding practices in the United States (Cisco).


Parental investment Alloparents Evolutionary theory 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kermyt G. Anderson
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kathrine E. Starkweather
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of OklahomaNormanUSA
  2. 2.Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary AnthropologyLeipzigGermany

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