Human Nature

, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 196–217 | Cite as

Individual Differences in Reproductive Strategy are Related to Views about Recreational Drug Use in Belgium, The Netherlands, and Japan

  • Katinka J. P. QuintelierEmail author
  • Keiko Ishii
  • Jason Weeden
  • Robert Kurzban
  • Johan Braeckman


Individual differences in moral views are often explained as the downstream effect of ideological commitments, such as political orientation and religiosity. Recent studies in the U.S. suggest that moral views about recreational drug use are also influenced by attitudes toward sex and that this relationship cannot be explained by ideological commitments. In this study, we investigate student samples from Belgium, The Netherlands, and Japan. We find that, in all samples, sexual attitudes are strongly related to views about recreational drug use, even after controlling for various ideological variables. We discuss our results in light of reproductive strategies as determinants of moral views.


Moral attitudes Sex Drugs Reproductive strategy Cross-cultural analysis 



KQ conducted this study as a PhD fellow of the Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (FWO)-Vlaanderen (Research Foundation Flanders). She would like to express her gratitude to everyone who helped her recruiting participants—in particular, Wim Ghijsen, Annemie Ploeger, Peter Derkx, and many Dutch study organizations. KI would like to thank Kunihiro Yokota for his help in collecting data. We thank Dr. Sena Koleva and the anonymous reviewers for comments on this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katinka J. P. Quintelier
    • 1
    Email author
  • Keiko Ishii
    • 2
  • Jason Weeden
    • 3
  • Robert Kurzban
    • 4
  • Johan Braeckman
    • 5
  1. 1.Amsterdam Business SchoolUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyKobe UniversityKobeJapan
  3. 3.Pennsylvania Laboratory for Experimental Evolutionary PsychologyUniversity of Pennsylvania, Solomon LabPhiladelphiaUSA
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Pennsylvania, Solomon LabPhiladelphiaUSA
  5. 5.Department of Philosophy and Moral SciencesGhent UniversityGhentBelgium

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