The second half of the twentieth century brought major changes in the society and consequently in the different areas of the sciences. The growing number of universities after the second world war, the post-war industrial growth and later digitalization transformed the sciences present until then, enlarged the scientific community and the number of scientific publications. In the last couple of decades, the creation of web 2.0 brought new possibilities for knowledge co-production, interaction and exchange between all interested parties in research. The goal of this paper is to explore the possibilities for (extended) peer review and quality control on the internet, primarily blogs and social media, which could contribute to the standard peer review process and open the sciences to a wider audience. We are wondering if these processes could also raise the quality in science and lead to the democratization of knowledge production. We argue that changes in science also have an impact in reshaping the society and bringing democratization in knowledge production.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Margolis and Resnick .
Cammaerts and Carpentier .
Ravetz and Funtowicz .
Van Rooyen et al. .
Ravetz and Funtowicz .
Arms, W What are the alternatives to peer review? Quality control in scholarly publishing on the web. J Electron Publ. 2002;8:1 Accessed 2 July 2013. http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=jep;view=text;rgn=main;idno=3336451.0008.103.
Bentivegna S. Rethinking politics in the world of ICTs. Eur J Commun. 2006;21(3):331–43.
Brumfiel, G. Peer review reviewed, Nature News Blog, September 8, 2009, http://blogs.nature.com/news/2009/09/peer_review_reviewed.html.
Cammaerts B, Carpentier N. Introduction. In: Cammaerts B, Carpentier N, editors. Reclaming the media: communication rights and democratic media roles. Bristol: Intellect books; 2007. p. XI–XVIII.
Chang A. Online journals challenge scientific peer review, Mercury News, October 2, 2006, http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/news/breaking_news/15655422.htm.
Daniels J, Feagin J. The (coming) social media revolution in the academy. Fast Capital. 2011;8:2 Accessed 2 July 2013. http://www.uta.edu/huma/agger/fastcapitalism/8_2/Daniels8_2.html.
Debate. Peer Review, Nature, December 2006, http://www.nature.com/nature/peerreview/debate/index.html.
Funtowicz S. Peer review and quality control. In: Encyclopedia of the social and behavioral sciences. Amsterdam: Elsevier; pp. 11179–11183; 2001.
Hermida A. Social media is inherently a system of peer evaluation and is changing the way scholars disseminate their research, raising questions about the way we evaluate academic authority, LSE Blogs, June 27, 2011, http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2011/06/27/social-media-is-inherently-a-system-of-peer-evaluation-and-is-changing-the-way-scholars-disseminate-their-research-raising-questions-about-the-way-we-evaluate-academic-authority/.
Margolis M, Resnick D. Politics as usual: the “cyberspace revolution”. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications; 2000.
McQuail D. Media performance: mass communication and the public interest. London: Sage; 1992.
Pickard KT. The impact of open access and social media on scientific research. J Particip Med. 2012;4:e15. http://www.jopm.org/opinion/commentary/2012/07/18/the-impact-of-open-access-and-social-media-on-scientific-research/.
Ravetz J, Funtowicz S. New forms of science. In: International encyclopedia of social and behavioral sciences. 2nd ed. Amsterdam: Elsevier (in press).
Singer J. New media, new scholarship debate. Publish (and be popular) or perish. J Stud. 2008;9(4):599–604.
Solomon D. The role of peer review for scholarly journals in the information age. J Electron Publ. 2007;10:1. Accessed 18 July 2013. http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=jep;view=text;rgn=main;idno=3336451.0010.107.
Stromer-Galley J. Will internet voting increase turnout? In: Howard P, Jones S, editors. Society online: the internet in context. Thousand Oakes: Sage Publications; 2004. p. 87–101.
Van Rooyen S, Godlee F, Evans S, Black N, Smith R. Effect of open peer review on quality of reviews and on reviewers’ recommendations: a randomised trial. BMJ. 1999;318(7175):23–7.
Walker T. The future of scientific journals: free access or pay per view? Am Entomol. 1998;44:135–8.
The author thanks Prof. Silvio Funtowicz who contributed to this paper with his valuable comments and by sharing his knowledge with the author.
About this article
Cite this article
Vesnic-Alujevic, L. Peer Review and Scientific Publishing in Times of Web 2.0. Pub Res Q 30, 39–49 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12109-014-9345-8
- Peer review
- Online publishing
- Social media
- Social networks
- Online quality control
- Open peer review