Salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) is an aggressive neoplasm that resembles high-grade invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast. It can develop de novo or from the malignant transformation of pleomorphic adenoma (PA). We performed immunohistochemical stains for phosphatase and tensin homologue [PTEN androgen receptor (AR)], HER2/neu, cytokeratin 5/6, estrogen receptor-beta, high-mobility group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2), and pleomorphic adenoma gene 1 (PLAG1) on tissue microarray samples of 75 SDCs and 31 adenocarcinomas, not otherwise specified (NOS). Our data showed the following in SDC samples: loss of PTEN was found in 17 of 60 (28.3%); AR was expressed in 43 of 62 (69.4%); HER2/neu was overexpressed in 25 of 58 (43.1%); cytokeratin 5/6 was expressed in 14 of 54 (25.9%); estrogen receptor-beta was expressed in 37 of 56 (66.1%); HMGA2 was expressed in 29 of 63 (46.0%); and PLAG1 was expressed in 0 of 62 (0%). In addition, there was no statistically significant difference in the age at onset between patients with HMGA2-positive SDCs (range 32–85 years; mean: 64.3 years; median: 64.5 years) and those with HMGA2-negative SDCs (range 41–79 years; mean: 62.5 years; median: 64.5 years). There was also no statistically significant difference in overall survival between patients with HMGA2-positive and HMGA2-negative SDCs (follow-up period range 3–201 months; mean: 49.8 months; median: 30 months). Among 10 patients with a definite PA component (SDC ex-PA), 6 were positive and 4 were negative for HMGA2. Our data were consistent with previous findings that AR and estrogen receptor-beta are expressed in most SDCs, whereas HER2/neu overexpression and loss of PTEN are expressed in a subset of SDCs. In our cohort of patients, HMGA2 was expressed in approximately half of SDCs. HMGA2 and PTEN are promising therapeutic targets for salivary gland tumors.
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This work was supported by MD Anderson start-up funds (DB). Presented at Annual Meeting USCAP 2018, Vancouver.
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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