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Head and Neck Pathology

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 328–349 | Cite as

Idiopathic, Infectious and Reactive Lesions of the Ear and Temporal Bone

  • Kelly R. Magliocca
  • Esther X. Vivas
  • Christopher C. Griffith
Special Issue: Ear

Abstract

A number of infectious, inflammatory and idiopathic lesions develop within otologic tissues that may share similar clinical and/or microscopic features. This review first provides a working classification for otitis externa, and then otitis media and includes two recently described entities, eosinophilic otitis media and otitis media with ANCA-associated vasculitis. Next, the microscopic findings of a spectrum of otopathologic conditions are described, including post-inflammatory conditions such as tympanosclerosis and aural polyps, an overview of animate aural foreign body as well as iatrogenic aural foreign body reactions. Finally, a review of fungal disease affecting the ear with a brief synopsis of Candida auris, a recently described and virulent organism, is presented.

Keywords

Otitis externa Otitis media Aural polyp Tympanosclerosis Otomycosis Myospherulosis 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors individually declare no conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kelly R. Magliocca
    • 1
  • Esther X. Vivas
    • 2
  • Christopher C. Griffith
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pathology and Lab MedicineEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck SurgeryEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA

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