Exploring the Relationship Between Lasting, Quality Social Bonds and Intermittency in Offending

  • Christi MetcalfeEmail author
  • Thomas Baker
  • Caitlin M. Brady


The current study expands the existing understanding of intermittency in offending by applying the age-graded theory of informal social control to further conceptualize and theorize intermittency. Using the Pathways to Desistance data, random effects models are used to determine whether within-individual changes and between-individual differences in the duration and quality of school, employment, and marriage/engagement are related to the time between arrests. Bonds of greater duration to school, employment, and marriage are related to longer average gaps between arrests. Transitioning into low wage employment is related to shorter periods of intermittency in the later years. On average, lower quality employment and marriages during this time period are also tied to shorter time between arrests as opposed to high quality employment and marriages.


Intermittency Desistance Informal social controls Bonds 


Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Southern Criminal Justice Association 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christi Metcalfe
    • 1
    Email author
  • Thomas Baker
    • 2
  • Caitlin M. Brady
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Criminology and Criminal JusticeUniversity of South CarolinaColumbiaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Criminal JusticeUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA

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