Translational Criminology: Toward Best Practice
Over the past two decades, criminologists have attempted to better understand the process through which research is used by practitioners and policymakers to identify the conditions that facilitate its policy and practice use. As part of this effort, the current study examines the translational research process and the use of researcher-practitioner partnerships (RPPs) in two state correctional agencies. The methods include interviews with leading national researchers, Florida legislative personnel, and state-level decision makers in adult and juvenile corrections. The findings document barriers, facilitators, and mechanisms involved in the translation process and reveal the effectiveness of RPPs to translate research into policy and practice.
KeywordsTranslational criminology Research partnerships Research Policy Practice
I would like to thank the Florida Department of Juvenile Justice, the Florida Department of Corrections, the researchers and scholars that agreed to be interviewed, and Dr. Julie Brancale for her assistance.
This project was supported by Award No. 2014-IJ-CX-0035, awarded by the National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. The opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of the Department of Justice.
- Alpert, G.P., Rojek, J., & Hansen, J.A. (2013). Building bridges between police researchers and practitioners: Agents of change in a complex world, Report prepared for the National Institute of Justice, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, DC: i-274.Google Scholar
- Baumer, E. P. (2015). Member perspectives. The Criminologist, 40, 8–10.Google Scholar
- Braga, A. (2013). Embedded criminologists in police departments. Police Foundation, 17, 1–20.Google Scholar
- CrimeSolutions.gov. (2017). All programs & practices. Retrieved from https://www.crimesolutions.gov/Programs.aspx#programs.
- Cullen, F.T. (2013). Rehabilitation: Beyond nothing works, in Tonry, T. (Ed.), Crime and Justice in America, 1975 to 2025, Vol. 42 Of crime and justice: A review of research, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 299–376.Google Scholar
- Garrison, A. H. (2009). The influence of research on criminal justice policy making. Professional Issues in Criminal Justice, 4, 9–21.Google Scholar
- Gingrich, N. (2016). Camerota Debate Crime Statistics, retrieved from https://www.cnn.com/videos/tv/2016/12/01/gingrich-camerota-crime-stats-newday.cnn.
- Innes, C. A., & Everett, R. S. (2008). Factors and conditions influencing the use of research by the criminal justice system. Western Criminology Review, 9, 49–58.Google Scholar
- Laub, J. H. (2012). Translational criminology. Translational Criminology: Promoting Knowledge Exchange to Shape Criminal Justice Research, Practice, and Policy, 3, 4–5.Google Scholar
- Laub, J. H., & Frisch, N. (2016). Translational criminology: A new path forward. In T. G. Blomberg, J. M. Brancale, K. M. Beaver, & W. D. Bales (Eds.), Advancing Criminology & Criminal Justice Policy (pp. 52–62). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Lofland, J., & Lofland, L. (1995). Analyzing social settings: A guide to qualitative observation and analysis. Belmont: Wadsworth.Google Scholar
- Lum, C., & Koper, C. S. (2015). Evidence-based policing. In R. Dunham & G. Alpert (Eds.), Critical issues in policing (pp. 1–15). Long Grove: Waveland Press.Google Scholar
- National Institute of Justice. (2012). Projects funded by NIJ awards. Retrieved 20 August 2018 from https://www.nij.gov/funding/awards/Pages/2011.aspx?fiscalyear=2011.
- National Institute of Justice. (2014). Projects funded by NIJ awards. Retrieved 20 August 2018 from https://www.nij.gov/funding/awards/Pages/2013.aspx?fiscalyear=2013.
- National Institute of Justice. (2018). Projects funded by NIJ awards. Retrieved 20 August 2018 from https://www.nij.gov/funding/awards/Pages/welcome.aspx.
- National Research Council. (2012). Using science as evidence in public policy, The National Academies Press, Washingtonp, DC: Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.17226/13460.
- Petersilia, J., & Cullen, F. T. (2015). Liberal but not stupid: Meeting the promise of downsizing prisons. Stanford Journal of Criminal Law and Policy, 2, 1–43.Google Scholar
- QSR International. (2012). NVivo 10. Doncaster, Victoria, Australia: QSR International Pty Ltd..Google Scholar
- Rojek J., Martin P., & Alpert G. (2015). The literature and research on police–research partnerships in the USA, in Rojek J., Martin P., & Alpert G., Developing and Maintaining Police-Researcher Partnerships to Facilitate Research Use, New York: Springer, 27–44.Google Scholar
- Tonry, M. (2010). Public criminology and evidence-based policy. Criminology & Public Policy, 9, 783–797.Google Scholar
- Tseng, V. (2012). The uses of research in policy and practice. Sharing Child and Youth Development Knowledge, 26, 1–24.Google Scholar
- Wellford, C. (2009). Criminologists should stop whining about their impact on policy and practice. In N. A. Frost, J. D. Frelich, & T. R. Clear (Eds.), Contemporary issues in criminal justice policy: Policy proposals from the American Society of Criminology Conference (pp. 17–24). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.Google Scholar