The Effects of Low Self-Control and Childhood Maltreatment on Stalking Victimization among Men and Women

  • Kathleen A. Fox
  • Angela R. Gover
  • Catherine Kaukinen

DOI: 10.1007/s12103-009-9064-4

Cite this article as:
Fox, K.A., Gover, A.R. & Kaukinen, C. Am J Crim Just (2009) 34: 181. doi:10.1007/s12103-009-9064-4


This study examines sex differences among stalking victimization using two theoretical perspectives: self-control and the intergenerational transmission of violence. A sample of 1,490 undergraduate students at a large southeastern university were surveyed and asked to report their experiences with stalking, childhood maltreatment, and self-control. Given that men and women may experience stalking, self-control, and child maltreatment differently, logistic regression models were estimated separately to disentangle sex differences. Findings indicate that women are more likely than men to be victims of stalking. Childhood maltreatment was significantly related to stalking victimization for both men and women whereas low self-control was significantly related to stalking victimization for women only. Implications for policy and directions for future research are discussed.


Stalking victimization Sex differences Childhood maltreatment Self-control College students 

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kathleen A. Fox
    • 1
  • Angela R. Gover
    • 2
  • Catherine Kaukinen
    • 3
  1. 1.College of Criminal JusticeSam Houston State UniversityHuntsvilleUSA
  2. 2.School of Public AffairsUniversity of Colorado at DenverDenverUSA
  3. 3.School of Public AffairsUniversity of Colorado at Colorado SpringsColorado SpringsUSA

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