The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 86, Issue 1, pp 70–75 | Cite as

Diagnosis and Management of Acute Encephalitis in Children

  • Satinder AnejaEmail author
  • Suvasini Sharma
Review Article


Acute encephalitis is a common cause of death and neurodevelopmental problems in children. The causative agents are numerous including infectious agents such as viruses, bacteria, mycobacteria and protozoa; para-infectious and immune mediated disorders such as acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) and autoimmune encephalitis, especially the recently described anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis. Also, many viral associated encephalopathies such as acute necrotizing encephalopathy can mimic the presentation of acute encephalitis. In this article, authors describe the approach to the diagnosis and management of acute encephalitis in children.


Viral encephalitis Japanes B encephalitis ADEM Autoimmune encephalitis 



SA and SS: Data acquisition, writing the draft, critical revision and approval of final draft to be submitted. SA will act as guarantor for this paper.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest



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Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, School of Medical Sciences & ResearchSharda UniversityGreater NoidaIndia
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsLady Hardinge Medical College and Associated Kalawati Saran Children’s HospitalNew DelhiIndia

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