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The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 85, Issue 8, pp 613–617 | Cite as

Predictors of Severity in Pediatric Scrub Typhus

  • Dinesh Kumar Narayanasamy
  • Thirunavukkarasu Arun Babu
  • Vijayasankar Vijayadevagaran
  • Devi Kittu
  • Shanthi Ananthakrishnan
Original Article
  • 39 Downloads

Abstract

Objective

To identify the factors that can predict the severity of scrub typhus in children.

Methods

This prospective study was conducted at a tertiary care teaching hospital between November 2014 to October 2016. All children <12y of age admitted with fever for more than 7d and positive IgM ELISA for scrub typhus were included in the study. These children were followed during the hospital course and their laboratory results, response to treatment and complications were documented. Cases of ‘severe scrub typhus’ were identified based on criteria from published adult and pediatric studies.

Results

Out of 930 children with fever for more than 7d, IgM ELISA for scrub typhus was positive in 230 children. Ninety one (40.6%) cases fulfilled the criteria of ‘severe scrub typhus’ in children. Out of 45 factors, 27 potential factors were studied. The multivariate analysis identified 5 factors, breathlessness (OR: 6.85, 95%CI: 2.69 to 9.87), altered sensorium (OR: 11.48, 95% CI 3.43 to 10.19), leucocytosis (OR: 3.38, 95% CI 1.12 to 10.16), hypoalbuminemia (OR: 10.78, 95% CI 2.66 to 48.76), and hyponatremia (OR: 10.08, 95% CI 2.11 to 23.42) to be significantly associated with the ‘severe scrub typhus’ cases.

Conclusions

Breathlessness, altered sensorium, leucocytosis, hypoalbuminemia, and hyponatremia predict severity in childhood scrub typhus. Presence of these factors should alert the treating physician regarding the need for intensive monitoring, treatment or referral.

Keywords

Children IgM ELISA Predictors Scrub typhus Severity 

Notes

Contributions

DKN: Design, literature search, clinical studies, data analysis, statistical analysis, manuscript preparation, editing and review; TAB: Data acquisition, data analysis, statistical analysis, manuscript editing and review; VV and DK: Literature search, clinical studies, data acquisition, manuscript preparation and editing; SA: Design, literature search, manuscript preparation, editing and will act as guarantor for the paper.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

None.

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Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dinesh Kumar Narayanasamy
    • 1
  • Thirunavukkarasu Arun Babu
    • 1
  • Vijayasankar Vijayadevagaran
    • 1
  • Devi Kittu
    • 2
  • Shanthi Ananthakrishnan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsIndira Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute (IGMC&RI)PondicherryIndia
  2. 2.Department of Preventive & Social MedicineIndira Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute (IGMC&RI)PondicherryIndia

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