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The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 85, Issue 8, pp 667–672 | Cite as

Asthma Mimickers: Approach to Differential Diagnosis

  • Mahesh Babu Ramamurthy
Review Article

Abstract

The airway of a child can be easily obstructed because of its small size and there are myriad conditions that may obstruct it. Though asthma is the most common condition causing reversible obstruction of the airway; there are a large number of conditions which can obstruct the airway both reversibly and irreversibly. These asthma mimics can present as clinical problems from the neonatal period through adolescence. This article presents an overview of the clinical situations that must be kept in mind when the child presents with subtly unusual clinical features or a deviant course. This is followed by a brief description of the common mimickers along with clinical clues to their diagnosis. Clinicians will need a high index of suspicion for diagnosing these conditions. Prompt recognition and optimal case management and referral will ensure the best outcomes in these children.

Keywords

Asthma mimics Asthma differential diagnosis Asthma – red flags 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

None.

Source of Funding

None.

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Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.YLL School of MedicineNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Pediatric Pulmonology and Sleep Division, Department of PediatricsKTP - National University Children’s Medical InstituteSingaporeSingapore

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