Vaccinations in Primary Care
- 125 Downloads
Vaccination is amongst the best strategies to improve child survival and reduce morbidity. Vaccines represent the most cost effective and simple intervention to protect against distressing epidemics. There are mortality and morbidity related benefits derived from preventing infectious diseases through vaccination; these include financial benefits by avoiding hospitalization, preventing long-term disability and increased productivity. Ever since the invention of the first vaccine against smallpox by Edward Jenner in 1796, vaccination has become indispensable healthcare intervention and has saved millions of lives. Due to significant scientific progress, many vaccines are available and numerous are anticipated; however, vaccine preventable infectious diseases are still prevalent. Due to rapid pace of developments in the field of vaccination, providers must continue to update their knowledge. The present review is aimed at helping general practitioners understand routine vaccinations, their considerations, issues and side effects.
KeywordsVaccines Vaccination Immunization
Readers are encouraged to refer to IAP Guidebook on Immunization 2013–-2014 published by Indian Academy of Pediatrics  for more comprehensive description of recommended vaccines.
VS drafted the manuscript, revised the manuscript and consented to the final manuscript as submitted; RCS conceptualized and planned the review, modified and edited the manuscript for important intellectual points, consented to the final manuscript and will act as guarantor for this paper.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Source of Funding
- 2.Berkley S. Getting the miracle of vaccines to those who most need them. Presented at the John Ring LaMontagne Memorial Lecture, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, May 22, 2012. Available at: http://videocast.nih.gov/summary.asp?live=11173. Accessed 26 Jul 2017.
- 7.Muller CP, Kremer JR, Best JM, Dourado I, Triki H, Reef S. Reducing global disease burden of measles and rubella: report of the WHO steering committee on research related to measles and rubella vaccines and vaccination, 2005. Vaccine. 2007;25:1–9.Google Scholar
- 11.Hand hygiene: why, how & when? Available at: http://www.who.int/gpsc/5may/Hand_Hygiene_Why_How_and_When_Brochure.pdf. Accessed 15 Apr 2017.
- 13.WHO best practices for injections and related procedures toolkit. March 2010. WHO/EHT/10.02 Available at: http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2010/9789241599252_eng.pdf. Accessed 26 Jul 2017.
- 14.Atkinson WL, Kroger AL, Pickering LK. General immunization practices. In: Plotkin SA, Orenstein WA, Offit PA, editors. Vaccines. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier; 2008. p. 83–109.Google Scholar
- 15.Nicoll LH, Hesby A. Intramuscular injection: an integrative research review and guideline for evidence based practice. Appl Nurs Res. 2000;16:149–62.Google Scholar
- 16.General Recommendations on Immunization. Recommendations of the advisory committee on immunization practices (ACIP). MMWR. 2011;60:1–60.Google Scholar
- 17.National Immunization Schedule: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. Available at: http://nrhm.gov.in/nrhm-components/rmnch-a/immunization/manual-formats.html17. Accessed 15 Apr 2017.
- 18.Vashishtha VM, Choudhury P, Bansal CP, Yewale VN, Agarwal R. IAP Guidebook on immunization 2013-2014. Gwalior: National Publication House, Indian academy of Pediatrics; 2014.Google Scholar
- 19.IAP Immunization timetable 2016. Available at: http://www.iapindia.org/page.php?id=129. Accessed 8 May 2017.