Prevalence of Hypocalcemia in Seizures in Infancy
- 64 Downloads
A one-year prospective study on developmentally normal children between 1-mo to 2-y with seizures was done to study the prevalence of hypocalcemia. The contribution of hypovitaminosis-D to hypocalcemia was also studied. Of 78 infants (51 boys) enrolled, 18 (23.1%) had hypocalcemia. Fifteen (19.2%) had hypocalcemia secondary to hypovitaminosis-D and 3 (3.8%) had hypomagnesemia. In infants aged less than 6 mo who were exclusively breastfed, 15 (41.67%) had hypocalcemia in comparison to other two age groups [2 (10.53%) in 6–12 mo age-group and 1 (4.35%) in 1–2 y age-group]. This association was statistically significant (p = 0.001).
KeywordsInfancy Hypocalcemic seizures Hypovitaminosis-D
MK enrolled the patients and was involved in management of the cases. He has drafted the article and will act as the guarantor of the manuscript. KS collected the data and analysed the findings. VP did the literature search and helped in drafting of the article.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Source of Funding
- 3.Khan MA, Iqbal SMJ, Afzal MF, Sultan MA. Frequency of hypocalcemic fits in children presenting with afebrile seizures and risk factors for hypocalcemia – a descriptive study. Ann King Edward Med University. Lahore Pakistan. 2011;17:31–5.Google Scholar