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Asthma – A Disease of How We Breathe: Role of Breathing Exercises and Pranayam

Review Article

Abstract

To describe the role of breathing exercises or yoga and/or pranayama in the management of childhood asthma. We conducted an updated literature search and retrieved relevant literature on the role of breathing exercises or yoga and/or pranayama in the management of childhood asthma. We found that the breathing exercises or yoga and/or pranayama are generally multi-component packaged interventions, and are described as follows: Papworth technique, Buteyko technique, Yoga and/or Pranayam. These techniques primarily modify the pattern of breathing to reduce hyperventilation resulting in normalisation of CO2 level, reduction of bronchospasm and resulting breathlessness. In addition they also change the behaviour, decrease anxiety, improve immunological parameters, and improve endurance of the respiratory muscles that may ultimately help asthmatic children. We found 10 clinical trials conducted in children with asthma of varying severity, and found to benefit children with chronic (mild and moderate) and uncontrolled asthma, but not acute severe asthma. Breathing exercises or yoga and/or pranayama may benefit children with chronic (mild and moderate) and uncontrolled asthma, but not acute severe asthma. Before these techniques can be incorporated into the standard care of asthmatic children, important outcomes like quality of life, medication use, and patient reported outcomes need to be evaluated in future clinical trials.

Keywords

Pediatric Asthma Yoga Pranayam Breathing exercise Lung function Allergy Quality of life 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are very much thankful to Dr. Nishant P Jaiswal, Scientist C, ICMR Advanced Centre for Evidence Based Child Health, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India for providing help in the database search.

Contributions

JS was involved in designing the protocol for the review, reviewing the literature, statistical analysis and in writing of the manuscript. RRD was involved in reviewing the literature, data extraction, statistical analyses and in writing the paper. Both authors approved the final version of the manuscript. JS will act as the guarantor of the manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

None.

Source of Funding

None.

Supplementary material

12098_2017_2519_MOESM1_ESM.docx (98 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 98 kb)

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Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PediatricsAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsAll India Institute of Medical SciencesBhuvaneshwarIndia

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