‘Flogging a Dead Horse’: Use of Socio-Economic Status Scales in Health Research in India
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The use of socio-economic scales in health research in India has been at least five decade old practice now. There are a number of scales, which have been recommended for different population settings --Kuppuswamy’s scale for urban, Parikh’s scale for rural, BG Prasad’s scale for both rural and urban populations are amongst the most well known. In addition, scales such as Standard of Living Index (SLI) has been used by National Family Health Survey (NFHS) and the Deprivation Index has been used for Socio- Economic and Caste Census (SECC) in India. Each of these scales has the advantages and limitations, and for some, detailed analysis has been done and published in the past .
A commonly used scale in academic research in medical colleges in India is Kuppuswamy’s scale. This scale uses education and occupation of head of the family and the family income as three domains to assign socio-economic status (SES) of a family. Nearly 2 decades ago, a modification to replace family income...
KeywordsWealth Quintile Deprivation Index National Family Health Survey Concerned Stakeholder Alternative Scale
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