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The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 84, Issue 3, pp 227–230 | Cite as

Enteric Fever

  • Praveen KumarEmail author
  • Ruchika Kumar
Review Article

Abstract

Enteric fever is an important public-health problem in India. The clinical presentation of typhoid fever is very variable, ranging from fever with little other morbidities to marked toxemia and associated multisystem complications. Fever is present in majority of patients (>90 %) irrespective of their age group. Mortality is higher in younger children. Blood culture remains gold standard for diagnosis. Widal test has low sensitivity and specificity but may be used in second week to support the diagnosis. Emerging resistance to several antibiotics should be kept in mind when selecting antibiotics or revising the treatment. The key preventive strategies are safe water, safe food, personal hygiene, and appropriate sanitation. Vaccination is an additional effective tool for prevention.

Keywords

Typhoid fever Multidrug resistance 

Notes

Contributions

PK: Concept, manuscript review and revision; RK: Manuscript preparation. PK will act as guarantor for the paper.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

None.

Source of Funding

None.

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Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PediatricsLady Hardinge Medical College & Associated Kalawati Saran Children’s HospitalNew DelhiIndia

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