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The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 83, Issue 1, pp 47–52 | Cite as

Recent Advances in Kawasaki Disease – Proceedings of the 3rd Kawasaki Disease Summit, Chandigarh, 2014

  • Surjit SinghEmail author
  • Dhrubajyoti Sharma
  • Sagar Bhattad
  • Saji Phillip
Review Article

Abstract

Kawasaki disease (KD) is the most common cause of acquired heart disease in children in Japan, North America and Europe. It is now being increasingly recognized from the developing countries as well. If not diagnosed and treated in time, KD can result in coronary artery abnormalities in approximately 15–25 % cases. The long-term consequences of these abnormalities may manifest in adults as myocardial ischemia and congestive heart failure. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) remains the drug of choice for treatment of KD, but several new agents like infliximab, cyclosporine, glucocorticoids and statins are now being increasingly used in these patients. While echocardiography has been the preferred imaging modality hitherto, CT coronary angiography has emerged as an exciting new supplementary option and provides an entirely new dimension to this disease. The incidence of KD has shown a progressive increase in several countries and it is likely that this disease would impact public health programmes in the near future even in the developing countries.

Keywords

Kawasaki disease Recent advances India 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors express their gratitude to Dr. Jane Burns, Dr. Marian Melish, Dr. Ross Petty, and Dr. John Gordon who participated as faculty from overseas in the 3rd. Kawasaki Disease Summit, Chandigarh, October 2014.

Guarantor

SS will act as guarantor for this paper.

Conflict of Interest

None.

Source of Funding

None.

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Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Surjit Singh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dhrubajyoti Sharma
    • 1
  • Sagar Bhattad
    • 1
  • Saji Phillip
    • 2
  1. 1.Pediatric Allergy Immunology Unit, Advanced Pediatrics CentrePost Graduate Institute of Medical Education and ResearchChandigarhIndia
  2. 2.Kawasaki Disease Foundation of IndiaSt. Gregorios Cardiovascular CentreParumalaIndia

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