Adaptive Functioning and Feeding Behavior: Key Targets in Autism Management
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Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder with an onset in early childhood. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) describes Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) as social communication impairments and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior. Children with ASD exhibit delayed language development, difficulties in reciprocal communication and social skills, stereotypic behaviors, and sensory impairments. In March 2014, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported prevalence of ASDs as 1 in 68 children in multiple communities in the United States. This new prevalence is 30 % higher than previous estimates reported in 2012 of 1 in 88 . Similar trends have been observed globally and it is not difficult to foresee that in coming decades we will have increasing number of adolescents and adults with autism.
Overall long-term outcome of children with autism, when followed to adulthood remains poor and more than three fourth of them may...
KeywordsAutism Spectrum Disorder Autism Spectrum Disorder Adaptive Skill Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale Food Selectivity
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